Report for Cove Point (Maryland) - 1870

District: 5th
Inspector: Commo. Dornin, LH Inspector 5th Dist.
Location: W side Chesapeake Bay
Date of Report: 09/11/1870
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed:
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site:
Area Inclosed:
Character of Soil:
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark:
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence: Enclosed by a board fence.
Wharf or Landing on Premises:
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance:
Means to Reach Light Station:
Distance to Nearest Road:
Distance to Post Office:
Distance to Village:
Facilities for Public Conveyance:
Facilities for Private Conveyance:
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Detached tower
Number of Separate Lights: 1
First Built or Established:
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated:
Condition at This Date:
Shape of Tower in Plan:
Form of Tower:
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball:
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water:
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea:
Color of Tower:
Color of Tower/ How Produced:
Tower Connection:
Object of Navigation:
Building Materials: Tower is built of brick.
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base:
Wall Thickness at Parapet:
Diameter at Base:
Diameter at Parapet:
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Wood. Whitewashed & clean, requires some repairs.
Number of Landings:
Size of Glass: Clean, but some of them broken.
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: Wood
Number of Doors:
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface:
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse:
Soil Susceptibility:
Miscellaneous Remarks: In storms tower leaks at the windows. Tower windows require new frames & inside requires recementing.
Location / Number:
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: There are 2 ladders for use about the dwelling.
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: There is none required.

How is Watchroom Fitted:
How is Relief Called: There are none required.
Where is Call System Led:
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus:
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker:
Year Made:
Marks and Number:
Order of Apparatus: 4th
Inside Diameter:
Light Characteristic: Revolving white
Time of Revolution:
Flash Interval: 1' 30"
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part:
Number of Panels:
Number of Flash Panels:
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum:
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum:
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum:
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Service Table:
Draft Tube Description:
Revolving Machinery:
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube:
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time:
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection:
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced:
Red Sectors Description:
Where Color Attached:
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: Lens 4th order
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: 1 in good condition.
Number of Spare Burners: 2 in good condition.
Candle Power:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use:
Oil House Description:
Oil House Inside Dimension:
Oil House Construction Material:
Oil House Capacity:
Other (Describe): There is a closet provided for the preservation of utensils, wicks, chimneys and cleaning materials. Paints, oils, spirits of turpentine, paint-brushes, etc. are kept in a corner of the oil room.
Fog Signal General
Fog Signal Kind: Fog bell struck by machinery.
Time to Start:
How Long Will Pressure Last:
Year of Manufacture:
Timing Device:
If whistle, siren, or trumpet, Pressure at Which Blown:
Height Above Water:
Compass Direction:
Distance and Direction:
Water Supply:
Reached from Lighthouse:
Description of Fog Signal Building:
Pressure And Recording Gauge:
Construction Materials:
Number of Rooms:
Number of Dwellings:
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers:
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouse Coloring:
Paths and Walks:
Area Inclosed:
Area of Garden:
Area Timber or Shrubbery:
Cultivation Area Available:
Area Cultivated: None
Character of Surroundings:
Stove, Maker:
Stove, Size:
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size:
Pump, Maker:
Pump, Size:
Lamps: There is a regulation clock, in good condition.
Access to Lighthouse:
Distance and Direction:
Miscellaneous Remarks: Tower windows req new frames, outside & inside req recementing. Some rooms of dwelling need re-plastering. A boat very much needed, as keeper is very inconvenienced in procuring provisions. Pump & cistern req repairs & gutters of house req replacing.
Lantern: In good condition
Illuminating Apparatus: In good condition, lens clean in all parts.
Service Lamp: In good condition in all respects.
Oil: Oil examined & found to be free from motes, dust or dirt. It had not been filtered.
Service Lamp Burner: Clean & in good condition.
Service Lamp Burner Level: Found to be level, the keeper understands how to center.
Plate Glass: Very clean, much scratches, 3 of them fractured.
Lens Cover: Covers on, clean, made of linen ticking, hung up in lantern room when not in use.
Lantern Curtains: 2 sets: very clean: in good condition, put up & taken down at proper time.
Carillon or Alarm Bell: There are none required.
Rod Lamp: In good condition, & trimmed ready for use.
Dwelling: Bldg in good condition with exception of ceiling, which requires replastering.
Stairway and Landing: Whitewashed & very clean.
Inside of Tower: Whitewashed, very clean.
Glazing of Dwelling: Some of the glass is broken.
Improvements Needed: Cistern requires immediate attention. Gutters require renewing.
Outhouses: Very good
Boathouse: None
Grounds: Good condition. They are kept very neat.

Equipment Care
Does Keeper Understand the Use and Care of
Lens: The lens is never touched improperly
Lantern and Trap Doors: They fit properly
Watch or Trimming Room: There are none of these articles to be seen at the time of Inspection.
Lucernes or Matches: None of the above mentioned articles were to be seen in the rooms specified.
Heater: The keeper understands the use of the heater.
Ventilation: The keeper understands the use of the ventilators & how to air the bldg.
Dome: They are painted according to instructions. The lightning conductor was in good condition.

Oil Room
Oil Room Condition: In good condition,well-ventilated, with no appearance of waste.
Oil Carriers: In good condition.
Number of 100 Gallon Oil Butts: 1
Number of 50 Gallon Oil Butts: 1
Number of Small Butts for Waste Oil:
Number of Dripping Buckets: 2
Number of Oil Tanks: 2 holding 150 gallons.
Oil Butts Made According to Regulation: They are so made.
Oil Butt Covers: The gutters were filled with refuse oil, & covers on, the keeper understands use of covers & air cocks.
Drip Bucket Placement: There was a dripping bucket so hung.
Oil Butt Platform: They are placed upon a raised platform of plank.
Empty Oil Butts: There are none.

Tool Chests and Presses
Cleaning Materials Put Away: They are so put up & packed.
Paints Separate: They are kept separate
Tool Chest: There is one
Tool Condition: A few in good condition.
Tools Free from Rust: They are properly greased.
Closets Clean: They are kept clean & properly aired.
Service Box In Good Order: They are in good order & well arranged.
Trimming Scissors Clean: They are.
Brushes and Floor Clothes: They are in good order, & properly placed.
Lantern Condition: As regards cleanliness,etc., very good.

Keeper and Assistants
Keeper Appearance: Keeper is neat & tidy
Keeper Interested in Duties: He does
Keeper Capacity for Duties: He shows good capacity & desires to gain information.
Keeper Understanding of Regulations: He seems to understand the Rules & Instructions & wishes to conform to them.
Keeper Complaints:
Keeper Family: Keeper's family occupy dwelling with him.
Keeper Name: John A. Phillips
Keeper Age: Aged
Keeper Present or Absent: He was present.
Number of Assistants: None
Assistants Attend to Duty:
Assistants Capability:
Assistants Complaints:
Assistants Family:
Assistant Keeper Names:
Did Principal and Assistant Keepers Accompany the Inspector?: Keeper attended me throughout the Inspection.

Account and Regulations Books
Account Books
Daily Expenditures Posted: They are
Quarterly Returns on Hand: They are
Receipt and Expenditure Accounts Kept: They are
Shipwreck and Vessels Passed Book: Not kept
Regulations, Instructions, and Directions
Rules and Regulations Copies:
Instructions and Directions Copies:
Placard Directions Copies: 1
Notice to Visitors Copies: 2
Summary of Duties:
Index of Instructions:
Guide for Mixed Paints:
Directions for Purifying Water:
Placards Easily Visible: They are
Books Easily Accessible:
Blank Books and Forms:

Revolving Machinery Condition
Revolving Machinery: The wood box thru which weight runs is about 10" out of center. In good condition.
Weight of Machine: It is placed during the day according to instructions.
Screwjacks for Raising Machinery: There are none.