Report for Conneaut Harbor Front Range (Ohio) - 1909

District: 10th
Inspector: Chas. C. Bartlett & Norris M. Works
Location: On pierhead in 20' of water at NE'ly end of W Breakwater entrance to Conneaut Harbor, S'ly shore of Lake Erie.
Date of Report: 02/03/1909
Latitude: 41° 58' 44"
Longitude: 80° 33' 12"
Site: On U.S. Breakwater in navigable waters. Dwelling site purchased, $300.00
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed: 01/15/1872
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: Light occupies the pierhead 50' 8" x 50' 8"- Dwelling site 0.5 acres
Area Inclosed: Dwelling site inclosed by wood picket fence, 0.5 acres.
Character of Soil: Clay
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark: On breakwater
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence: Dwelling site inclosed by wood picket fence.
Wharf or Landing on Premises: None at dwelling. Boat house & davits at inner end of W pier, 3/8 mile from dwelling.
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance: To reach boat house from dwelling on the hill, walk thru RR yards & docks, 3/8 mile.
Means to Reach Light Station: Walk thru docks to boat house at inner end of W Pier, 3/8 mile from dwelling, thence by small boat nearly 1/2 mile to light.
Distance to Nearest Road: 7/8 mile to electric car line in Conneaut Harbor.
Distance to Post Office: Conneaut Harbor, 7/8 mile from light, 700' from dwelling.
Distance to Village: 7/8 mile from Conneaut Harbor. Dwelling to Conneaut Harbor.
Facilities for Public Conveyance: In City of Conneaut by L.S. & M.S. RR on nickel plate RR or P & L.E. RR or P&O electric car or Erie & Conneaut electric car; thence by electric car to Conneaut Harbor.
Facilities for Private Conveyance:
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Tower
Number of Separate Lights: 1
First Built or Established: 1906
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated:
Condition at This Date: Good
Shape of Tower in Plan: Circular
Form of Tower: Right cylinder below, conical above.
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball: 31' 6"
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 42'
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Iron ore docks & ore hoisting apparatus & conveying machinery, with woods & fields in distance, with generally more or less smoke from docks in immediate foreground.
Color of Tower: White
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Paint
Tower Connection: Detached
Object of Navigation: Marks entrance to Conneaut Harbor & forms a range with Rear Beacon for entering harbor.
Building Materials: Wood, covered with corrugated iron below & smooth iron above.
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base: 12"
Wall Thickness at Parapet: 10"
Diameter at Base: 13' 6"
Diameter at Parapet: 9' 8.5"
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Wooden winding to 2nd floor, iron step ladder to lantern.
Number of Landings: 1 intermediate
Size of Glass: 2 windows each with 4 lts, 9" x 20"
Number of Windows and Size of Sash:
Number of Doors: 1 swinging in, iron storm door swinging out
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface: Stone filled timber crib, resting on 7' bed of rubble, on original lake bottom, in 29' of water. Superstructure of concrete from 3.0 MLL to 14.0 MLL
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse:
Soil Susceptibility:
Miscellaneous Remarks:
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 4th order
Shape of Lantern: Cylindrical
Diameter to Glass: 7' 7.41"
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides:
Type of Bars: Vertical
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 2' 11.5"
Number of Plates in Height: One
Number of Plates Each Side: One
Thickness of Plates: 1/4"
Size of Plates: 9 plates 28.34" x 36", bent in short direction to R 3' 9.71"; 1 plate 23.84" x 33.5" bent same
Number of Storm Panes: None
Unglazed Side of Lantern: None
What Bearings:
Construction Material Lantern: Cast iron, brass fittings
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Cast iron, conical
Ventilator / Cowl: Cast iron
Lightning Spindle: Brass, platinum point
Description of Lightning Rod: Of 1/4" copper wire, made fast to underside of cast iron balcony deck, thence down side of tower, thru 1/2" iron pipe in concrete pierhead & into water about 2'.
Balustrade: Cast iron, wrought iron circular railing of 1/2" x 2" iron, 8' 2.5" high
Lantern Doors: Cast iron, copper portion, glazed, brass hinges & substantial locking mechanism.
Floor of Lantern: Cast iron
Watchroom Doors: Trap door in floor of lantern of 7/32" plate iron, in 2 leaves, heavy spring brass hinges to balance weight of door.
Parapet Diameter: 7' 1 18/32"
Location / Number: 5 thru cast iron parapet, perforated brass plate to protect outside, brass compression valve on inside.
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: None
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: 12 curtains on spring tin rollers, supported by brass brackets screwed to architecture lining.
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus:
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker: Chance Bros.
Year Made:
Marks and Number: No. 83 No. 89
Order of Apparatus: 5th
Inside Diameter: 14 3/4"
Light Characteristic: Fixed white
Time of Revolution:
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part: 360 degrees
Number of Panels: 4
Number of Flash Panels:
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum:
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: 7
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: 5
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: Modern pedestal, constructed out of 4 columns & circular plates.
Service Table: None
Draft Tube Description: None
Revolving Machinery:
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube:
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time:
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection:
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced:
Red Sectors Description:
Where Color Attached:
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: 5th order
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: 3
Number of Spare Burners: None
Candle Power:

Vapor Oil Lamp
Number of Wicks or Mantels: 1 round wick
Diameter of Outside Wick: 1 1/4"
Diameter of Mantel:
Diameter of Circum Circle:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: Large closet on 1st floor, under stairs, used for storage of paint, cleaning utensils, etc., closet on 2nd floor for storing lens & lamp supplies.
Oil House Description: Basement or cellar in concrete under light house, 10' dia. 5' 4" high.
Oil House Inside Dimension:
Oil House Construction Material:
Oil House Capacity:
Other (Describe):
Suitability: Dry, suited
Location: On hill, slightly back from edge of bluff, 7/8 mile S'ly from light.
Coloring: Red, with green trimmings
Construction Materials: Wood
Number of Rooms: Double dwelling; Keepers side 7 & water closet; asst keeper, 6 & bathroom.
Number of Dwellings:
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers: 1 to each side
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouses: Wood shed, 12' x 16'; 8' studding; small barn, 16' x 22', 14' studding - both have gable roofs.
Outhouse Coloring: Red with green trimmings
Paths and Walks: Cement walk from street to front doors & about house to rear doors, & 5' cement walk in front of property - 110' long. 80' cement walk from rear door to wood shed & barn
Area Inclosed: 110' x 157.5' = 0.4 acres, all , with picket fence
Area of Garden: 30' x 100' = 3000 sq. ft.
Area Timber or Shrubbery: Several ornamental & shade trees about dwelling & in front yd.
Cultivation Area Available: 30' x 100' = 3000 sq. ft.
Area Cultivated: 3000 sq. ft.
Character of Surroundings: Clay, scattered dwellings near & ore docks & RR yards below bluff. NE'ly portion of bldg, for asst. keeper, was erected in 1905.
Stove, Maker:
Stove, Size:
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size:
Pump, Maker:
Pump, Size:
How Procured: From water company. Pumped from Lake Erie, treated with sulphate alumina, & filtered thru sand.
Quality: Fair
Quantity: Ample
Injury Possible: Not liable
Purity Precaution: None
Tank Capacity: None
Tank Material:
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description: 24'
Well Diameter: 3'
Well Lining: Lined
Pump or Bucket:
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling: 6' - Well is covered with cement slab & has not been used since 1905.
General Opinion: Healthful
Diseases: Typhoid fever
Prevalency: Fall, winter & spring
Local Causes: Sewage contaminated lake water furnished by water company.
Recommended Improvements: Dwelling is situated on a high bluff, making drainage good. Main sewer of city passes thru street, & plumbing of double dwelling is connected to same thru line of 6" sewer pipe.
Access to Lighthouse: In 1905 a boat house, 9' x 18' was erected on W side of inner end of W pier, opposite steps & davits placed on front of pier. Light iron derrick, boom 23' long, is placed at Front Beacon, W Breakwater, to land boat on pierhead.
Distance and Direction: 3/8 mile from dwelling N 26 degrees E
Miscellaneous Remarks: Bathroom installed in Keeper's dwelling in 1900. All in good condition, except that wood house needs new shingles on the roof.