Report for Cohansey Light Station (New Jersey) - 1908

General
District: 4th
Inspector: Thos. J. Rout, Jr. Draftsman
Location: On S'ly side of Cohansey Creek, NJ near its mouth, N'ly side of upper end of Delaware Bay
Date of Report: 02/28/1908
Latitude: 39° 20' 33"
Longitude: 75° 21' 44"
Premises
Site: Purchase
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed: 12/23/1882
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: About 10 acres
Area Inclosed: None
Character of Soil: Salt marsh
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark: About 180'
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence: None
Wharf or Landing on Premises: Frame boat landing, supported on piles. Top about 8.5' x 8.5' & about 2.5' above mean high water
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance: Boat landing is connected to lighthouse by elevated boardwalks
Means to Reach Light Station: By RR to Greenwich Pier, NJ & thence by small private boat to station
Distance to Nearest Road: About 2.5 miles across marsh to public road. About 5 miles to RR station (Greenwich Pier) by boat
Distance to Post Office: About 5.5 miles to Greenwich, NJ
Distance to Village: About 5.5 miles to Greenwich, NJ
Facilities for Public Conveyance: None
Facilities for Private Conveyance: Boats can usually be hired in Greenwich Pier.
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Lantern tower is on frame dwelling, forming a lighthouse
Number of Separate Lights: One
First Built or Established: 1838
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated: 1883
Condition at This Date: Poor
Shape of Tower in Plan: Lantern tower is square
Form of Tower: Lantern tower is prismatic
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball: No detached tower. Distance on lighthouse is about 39'. From ground to base of lighthouse, 6' 2"
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 42'
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Distant trees & sky
Color of Tower: Lighthouse is white with black lantern & tower, green blinds
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Lighthouse is painted
Tower Connection: Lantern tower is on dwelling
Object of Navigation: Bay & harbor, marking mouth of Cohansey River, for local navigating purposes
Building Materials: Lighthouse & lantern tower is a frame structure
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base: Of lighthouse about 7"
Wall Thickness at Parapet: Of lighthouse about 7"
Diameter at Base: Lantern tower is square, 10' 2" x 10' 2"
Diameter at Parapet: Lantern tower is square, 10' 2" x 10' 2"
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Wooden
Number of Landings: None, except 2nd & watchroom floors
Size of Glass: 9" x 12"
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: 2; 31.5" x 4' 5.5" ( in watchroom)
Number of Doors: In lighthouse, 18
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface: Lighthouse foundation consists of cast iron columns which are supported by wooden piles, depth not known
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse: Salt marsh
Soil Susceptibility: Soil is susceptible of being protected by grass
Miscellaneous Remarks: Tower is well painted inside. Some minor repairs should be made.
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 4th
Shape of Lantern: From floor to glass, cylindrical, above this polygonal
Diameter to Glass: 6' 4 3/8"
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides: 9
Type of Bars: Vertical
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 3'
Number of Plates in Height: One
Number of Plates Each Side: One
Thickness of Plates: About 1/4"
Size of Plates: 9 - 3' x 2' 4"; 2 panes of ruby glass, 1 - 20 3/4" x 34 1/8" & 1 - 24" x 34 1/8"
Number of Storm Panes:
Unglazed Side of Lantern: None, but on account of a strip of paint 14" high, light shows dimly from points in Cohansey Creek
What Bearings: SSE 1/4 E & W 3/4 S
Construction Material Lantern: Lantern sills, posts roof etc of iron, parapet walls of wood
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Copper
Ventilator / Cowl: Copper
Lightning Spindle: Brass
Description of Lightning Rod: 1/8" x 1.5' copper ribbon extends about 4" above spindle of lantern, thence down post on NW side of lantern, across roof & down corner of lighthouse to ground connection. Ribbon is wired to spindle in 2 places.
Balustrade: Both of wood. Gallery covered with tin & a grillage
Lantern Doors: Double doors in lower wall of lantern; hung on hinges & provided with iron handle & bolts. Opening is 26.5" wide x 26" high
Floor of Lantern: Wood
Watchroom Doors: Wooden trap door in lantern floor fitted with T hinges & lifting ring.
Parapet Diameter: 6' 3 3/4"
Ventilators
Location / Number: 4 ventilators in lower wall of lantern each having 3" diameter brass disc covers
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: None
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: 9 brass hooks are tapped into the lantern posts


Watchroom
How is Watchroom Fitted: 2 windows, small stairway leading to lantern, small moveable table 23" x 36" x 29.5" high & shelf 9" x 35", supported on brackets also 2 closets provided with shelves, used for storage of lamp supplies
How is Relief Called: None
Where is Call System Led:
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus:
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker: L. Sautter & Cie, Constructeurs A Paris
Year Made: Not known
Marks and Number: None, except name of maker
Order of Apparatus: 5th
Inside Diameter: 14 5/8"
Light Characteristic: Fixed white with fixed red sector, between W 3/4 S & NNW 5/8 W
Time of Revolution: Not moveable
Flash Interval: No flashes
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part: 270 degrees
Number of Panels: 3
Number of Flash Panels:
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum: 5
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: 5
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: 3
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced: No flashes
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: Cast iron, 39 3/4" high
Service Table: Cast iron, fan shaped, 33.5" above floor, & attached to pedestal
Draft Tube Description: No tube
Revolving Machinery: Not moveable
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube:
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time:
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection:
Regulated:
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced: Ruby glass
Red Sectors Description: Red between W 3/4 S & NNW 5/8 W. 2 ruby panes 24" wide x 34 1/8" & 20 3/4" x 34 1/8"
Where Color Attached: To lantern by means of wooden frames against the lantern posts.
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: 5th order Haines lamp with 1 wick. 15 5/8" from base to top of button.
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: 1, 3 in all
Number of Spare Burners: None, except that on spare lamp.
Candle Power:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: 2 closets in watchroom. They have hinged doors & shelves & are used for storage of lamp supplies
Oil House Description: Temporary frame oil shed stands outside of bank 46' SW of lighthouse. It has hinged door, but no shelves & is 5' 2" x 7' in plan.
Oil House Inside Dimension:
Oil House Construction Material:
Oil House Capacity:
Other (Describe): Pantry & dresser on 1st floor has shelves & used for storage of food. 4 closets with shelves 2 used for dishes, 1 for storage of preserves & the other for clothes. 2 closets on 2nd floor each fitted with shelves & used for clothes.
Suitability: Dry & suitable
Dwelling
Location: Lantern is on dwelling
Coloring: Lighthouse, white, with black tower & lantern.
Construction Materials: Frame on pile foundation & lined inside with wood
Number of Rooms: 6
Number of Dwellings:
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers: 1
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouses: Frame oil house, frame storehouse, frame privy
Outhouse Coloring: All are white
Paths and Walks: Elevated boardwalks. Brick pavement is laid under lighthouse
Area Inclosed: None
Area of Garden: None
Area Timber or Shrubbery: None
Cultivation Area Available: None
Area Cultivated: None
Character of Surroundings: Salt marsh
Stove, Maker:
Stove, Size:
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size:
Pump, Maker:
Pump, Size:
Lamps:
Water
How Procured: From roof of lighthouse, by means of downspouts leading to 4 tanks
Quality: Good when properly cared for
Quantity: Ample
Injury Possible: Not liable
Purity Precaution: Downspouts have been provided with cutoffs
Tank Capacity: 2 iron tanks are placed under stairway in pantry. Cap about 650 gal. each & 2 round wooden tanks under lighthouse, Cap about 1300 gal each
Tank Material: 2 are of iron, 2 of wood
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description: No well
Well Diameter:
Well Lining:
Pump or Bucket:
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling:
Healthfulness
General Opinion: Healthful
Diseases: None
Prevalency:
Local Causes:
Recommended Improvements:
Miscellaneous
Access to Lighthouse: There is a revetted boat slip on reservation. Near this is frame boat landing, supported on wooden piles. Its top is about 8.5' x 8.5' & 2.5' above mean high water
Distance and Direction: Landing & boat slip are about 235' NE from lighthouse.
Miscellaneous Remarks: Storeroom used to store preserves. Frame stove house, 8' 1" x 14' 9" sets about 3' 9" S of lighthouse used for gen. storage. Illum. app. is in excellent condition. Premises are in bad condition & extensive repairs will be req'd if station to be continued