Report for Clay Island (Maryland) - 1867

District: 5th
Inspector: J.M. Berrien, Inspector, 5th LH Dist.
Location: Head of Tangier Sound
Date of Report: 10/09/1867
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed:
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site:
Area Inclosed:
Character of Soil:
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark:
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence: A dilapidated post & rail fence.
Wharf or Landing on Premises:
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance:
Means to Reach Light Station:
Distance to Nearest Road:
Distance to Post Office:
Distance to Village:
Facilities for Public Conveyance:
Facilities for Private Conveyance:
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Keeper's dwelling
Number of Separate Lights: 1
First Built or Established:
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated:
Condition at This Date:
Shape of Tower in Plan:
Form of Tower:
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball:
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water:
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea:
Color of Tower:
Color of Tower/ How Produced:
Tower Connection:
Object of Navigation:
Building Materials:
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base:
Wall Thickness at Parapet:
Diameter at Base:
Diameter at Parapet:
Kind of Stairway and Steps:
Number of Landings:
Size of Glass:
Number of Windows and Size of Sash:
Number of Doors:
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface:
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse:
Soil Susceptibility:
Miscellaneous Remarks: A regulation clock in good condition is kept in sitting room.
Location / Number:
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: 1 ladder without hooks.
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: No
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus:
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker:
Year Made:
Marks and Number:
Order of Apparatus: 6th
Inside Diameter:
Light Characteristic: Fixed white
Time of Revolution:
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part:
Number of Panels:
Number of Flash Panels:
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum:
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum:
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum:
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Service Table:
Draft Tube Description:
Revolving Machinery:
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube:
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time:
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection:
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced:
Red Sectors Description:
Where Color Attached:
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: Lens of 6th order with Franklin lamp in use.
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: There is 1 spare lamp in good condition.
Number of Spare Burners: 2 in good condition.
Candle Power:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use:
Oil House Description:
Oil House Inside Dimension:
Oil House Construction Material:
Oil House Capacity:
Other (Describe): There is a closet provided for the preservation of utensils, wicks, chimneys and cleaning materials. Paints, oils, spirits of turpentine, paint-brushes, etc. are kept by themselves in the oil room.
Lantern: The old lantern was being taken down; a new one was ready to go up to be lighted on the night of the 8th of October.
Illuminating Apparatus: In good condition in all respects.
Service Lamp: In good condition.
Oil: Was clear & very clean.
Service Lamp Burner: In fair condition.
Service Lamp Burner Level: Lantern being down could not use the spirit level on the burner.
Plate Glass: Glass new - about to be put in.
Lens Cover: Lens cover was worn out. Furnished material from the Tender for a new one.
Lantern Curtains: None
Carillon or Alarm Bell: None
Rod Lamp: None
Dwelling: Dwelling was under repair & receiving new paint.
Stairway and Landing: Quite clean.
Inside of Tower:
Glazing of Dwelling: In good condition.
Improvements Needed: Repairs to fencing are needed.
Outhouses: Very good
Boathouse: None
Grounds: In pretty good condition. They appear to receive some attention.

Equipment Care
Does Keeper Understand the Use and Care of
Lens: Keeper does not allow lens to be touched except to clean it.
Lantern and Trap Doors:
Watch or Trimming Room: None were to be seen.
Lucernes or Matches: None were to be seen.
Heater: There is no heater
Ventilation: Keeper understands use of the ventilators & how to air the bldg.
Dome: Lightning conductor was in good condition & led into the ground.

Oil Room
Oil Room Condition: In tolerable good order, well ventilated.
Oil Carriers: In good condition & arranged in order for use.
Number of 100 Gallon Oil Butts: 1
Number of 50 Gallon Oil Butts: 2
Number of Small Butts for Waste Oil:
Number of Dripping Buckets:
Number of Oil Tanks: 3 holding 200 gallons.
Oil Butts Made According to Regulation: They are so made.
Oil Butt Covers: Gutters were not filled. Instructed keeper on the subject.
Drip Bucket Placement: A vessel was under each butt to catch the drip oil.
Oil Butt Platform: The butts were placed on planks.
Empty Oil Butts: There was an empty butt clean, & ready for a new supply of oil.

Tool Chests and Presses
Cleaning Materials Put Away: Yes
Paints Separate: Yes
Tool Chest: Yes
Tool Condition: They wanted cleaning but were properly arranged.
Tools Free from Rust: Tools were not clean. Keeper was directed to put them in order, which he promised to do.
Closets Clean: Kept tolerably clean & properly aired.
Service Box In Good Order: Yes
Trimming Scissors Clean: Kept tolerably clean
Brushes and Floor Clothes: Yes
Lantern Condition: Tolerably good.

Keeper and Assistants
Keeper Appearance: Keeper was very well dressed.
Keeper Interested in Duties: Yes
Keeper Capacity for Duties: Yes
Keeper Understanding of Regulations: Yes
Keeper Complaints:
Keeper Family: Yes
Keeper Name: James N. Wright
Keeper Age: Old
Keeper Present or Absent: Present
Number of Assistants: None allowed
Assistants Attend to Duty:
Assistants Capability:
Assistants Complaints:
Assistants Family:
Assistant Keeper Names:
Did Principal and Assistant Keepers Accompany the Inspector?: Keeper accompanied me throughout the inspection.

Account and Regulations Books
Account Books
Daily Expenditures Posted: Yes
Quarterly Returns on Hand: Yes
Receipt and Expenditure Accounts Kept: Yes
Shipwreck and Vessels Passed Book: Yes
Regulations, Instructions, and Directions
Rules and Regulations Copies: 1
Instructions and Directions Copies: 1
Placard Directions Copies: 1
Notice to Visitors Copies: 1
Summary of Duties: 1
Index of Instructions: 1
Guide for Mixed Paints: 1
Directions for Purifying Water: 1
Placards Easily Visible: Yes
Books Easily Accessible: Yes
Blank Books and Forms: