Report for Choptank River Light Station (Maryland) - 1927

District: 5th
Inspector: T.S. Johnson
Location: On N side of entrance to Choptank River, Md.
Date of Report: 09/28/1927
Latitude: 38° 39' 22"
Longitude: 76° 11' 06"
Site: Title to site & cession of jurisdiction was conveyed to the US by state of Maryland
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed:
Date of Permission: 07/24/1874
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: 5 acres
Area Inclosed: None
Character of Soil:
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark: No wharf
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence:
Wharf or Landing on Premises:
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance:
Means to Reach Light Station: By boat about 2 miles to Oxford, Md.
Distance to Nearest Road:
Distance to Post Office:
Distance to Village:
Facilities for Public Conveyance:
Facilities for Private Conveyance:
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Screw pile structure
Number of Separate Lights: One
First Built or Established: 1871
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated: 1921
Condition at This Date:
Shape of Tower in Plan:
Form of Tower:
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball:
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 35'
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Land
Color of Tower: White on brown piles
Color of Tower/ How Produced:
Tower Connection: Above keepers dwelling (screw pile structure)
Object of Navigation: For local navigation entering Choptank River, Md.
Building Materials: Wood
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base:
Wall Thickness at Parapet:
Diameter at Base:
Diameter at Parapet:
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Wood
Number of Landings:
Size of Glass:
Number of Windows and Size of Sash:
Number of Doors: 6 - 2' 6" x 6' 6"
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface:
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse:
Soil Susceptibility:
Miscellaneous Remarks: This is a screwpile structure, originally at Cherrystone Inlet, VA. Moved to present site in 1921.
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 4th order
Shape of Lantern: Cylindrical
Diameter to Glass:
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides:
Type of Bars: Helical
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 36.5"
Number of Plates in Height: One
Number of Plates Each Side: 9 single lights
Thickness of Plates: 1/4" thick, 36.5" high, 28 3/4" bottom, 12" top
Size of Plates:
Number of Storm Panes:
Unglazed Side of Lantern: None
What Bearings:
Construction Material Lantern: Cast iron
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Copper
Ventilator / Cowl: Cast iron
Lightning Spindle: Copper
Description of Lightning Rod:
Balustrade: Wood
Lantern Doors: Wood, rabbeted, fitted with strap hinges & lock.
Floor of Lantern: Wood
Watchroom Doors: Wood, with rim lock
Parapet Diameter:
Location / Number: Lower part of lantern
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: Step ladder
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: Screwed into top of iron frame

How is Watchroom Fitted: Service table, & closet with shelves
How is Relief Called:
Where is Call System Led:
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus:
Intensity in Candles: 350
Name of Maker: Henry LePaute
Year Made:
Marks and Number: Henry LePaute, Paris
Order of Apparatus: 5th
Inside Diameter:
Light Characteristic:
Time of Revolution:
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part: Shows red from 187 degrees to 199 degrees, & red from 316 degrees to 345 degrees. Balance shows white
Number of Panels: 4
Number of Flash Panels: None
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum: 5
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: 5
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: 3
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Service Table:
Draft Tube Description:
Revolving Machinery:
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube:
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time:
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection:
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced: Red sectors
Red Sectors Description: 2, 187 degrees to 199 degrees, & 316 degrees to 345 degrees.
Where Color Attached: Lantern
Form of Colored Glass: Secured inside of storm panes of lantern
Lamp Description: 5th order
Type of Illuminant: Kerosene
Number of Spare Lamps: 3
Number of Spare Burners: 3
Candle Power: 35 CP

Vapor Oil Lamp
Number of Wicks or Mantels: One
Diameter of Outside Wick: 5th order (26 mm)
Diameter of Mantel:
Diameter of Circum Circle:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: Closet in watchroom, fitted with shelves & hooks
Oil House Description:
Oil House Inside Dimension:
Oil House Construction Material:
Oil House Capacity:
Other (Describe): Under roof, near eaves, small doors opening from side of wainscoting
Suitability: Dry
Fog Signal General
Fog Signal Kind: Stevens
Time to Start:
How Long Will Pressure Last:
Year of Manufacture:
Characteristic: 1 stroke every 10 sec.
Duplication: None
Timing Device:
If whistle, siren, or trumpet, Pressure at Which Blown:
Height Above Water:
Compass Direction:
Location: Lighthouse on 10' shoal at entrance to Choptank River.
Distance and Direction: Directly on shoal
Water Supply: Rain water supply by gravity to cisterns
Reached from Lighthouse: On lighthouse
Description of Fog Signal Building: No fog signal building
Pressure And Recording Gauge:
Bell Signal
Weight: 750 lbs
Metal: Bronze
Diameter: 36"
Height: 26"
Time: 2 hours
Manufacturer: Meneely, NY 1858
Weights for Operation:
Location: Under tower (screwpile structure)
Coloring: White on brown piles
Construction Materials: Wood
Number of Rooms: 4
Number of Dwellings:
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers: 1 Keeper, 1 Asst. Keeper
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouses: None
Outhouse Coloring:
Paths and Walks:
Area Inclosed:
Area of Garden:
Area Timber or Shrubbery:
Cultivation Area Available:
Area Cultivated:
Character of Surroundings: Marine site
Stove, Maker: New Baltimore
Stove, Size: # 700
Sink, Maker: No name.
Sink, Size: 16" x 30"
Pump, Maker: No pump
Pump, Size:
How Procured: Roof, by gravity to cypress tanks
Quality: Good
Quantity: Ample
Injury Possible: No
Purity Precaution: Roof is first washed off before allowing water to enter tanks.
Tank Capacity: 3 - 200 gal each, 1st floor
Tank Material: 2 wood, 1 iron
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description:
Well Diameter:
Well Lining:
Pump or Bucket:
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling:
General Opinion: Excellent
Diseases: None
Local Causes:
Recommended Improvements:
Access to Lighthouse: None, submarine site
Distance and Direction:
Miscellaneous Remarks:
Boat #1
Boat Number: 350
Type: Motor
Length: 4' 6"
Width: 16
When Built:
Date Harbored at Station:
Sails: False
Suited to Work: Yes
Boat #2
Boat Number: 403
Type: Skiff
Length: 4' 6"
Width: 16
When Built:
Date Harbored at Station:
Sails: False
Suited to Work: Yes

Power Boat
Engine Type: Lathrop
Horsepower: 3
Engine Maker: No. 22085 - No date
Spare Coil: None
Magnet: Bosch, no number
Battery: 4 - No. 6 dry cells.
Propeller Diameter: 16"
Propeller Pitch:

General Information:
Boats on Station: Hung in davits