Report for Chapel Hill (New Jersey) - 1880

District: 3rd
Inspector: Genl. J.C. Duane, Engineer, 3rd district
Location: Back range light of Main Channel Entrance to Harbor of NY
Date of Report: 02/03/1880
Latitude: 40° 23' 51"
Longitude: 74° 03' 34"
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed:
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: 3 acres
Area Inclosed:
Character of Soil: Clay & loam, some sand & gravel
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark: About 1.5 miles to shore
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence: Fence
Wharf or Landing on Premises: None
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance: Good road to public road about 1/2 mile distant.
Means to Reach Light Station: By Southern RR of New Jersey & private conveyance.
Distance to Nearest Road: 1 mile to RR station, Middleton, NJ
Distance to Post Office: 1/2 mile
Distance to Village: 1/2 mile
Facilities for Public Conveyance: None
Facilities for Private Conveyance: Team can generally be obtained at RR station NJ Southern RR.
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Small square tower on top of roof of dwelling.
Number of Separate Lights: 1 formed by 2 range lenses 1 above the other
First Built or Established: 1856
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated: 1874, at which time, large day screens, for distinguishing range when ground is covered w/ snow, were put up each side of L.H. painted black. Repaired in 1877.
Condition at This Date: Good
Shape of Tower in Plan: Square
Form of Tower:
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball: 40' to focal plane
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 224'
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Woods, etc.
Color of Tower: House & tower white, day mark black.
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Painted
Tower Connection: Tower on top of dwelling
Object of Navigation: Channel range
Building Materials: Wood
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base: 8"
Wall Thickness at Parapet: 8"
Diameter at Base: 6'
Diameter at Parapet: 6'
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Wood
Number of Landings: 2
Size of Glass: 9 x 12"
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: One
Number of Doors: One
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface: Brick foundation of keeper's dwelling.
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse: Clay, sand & gravel.
Soil Susceptibility: Yes, by shrubbery, grass & trees
Miscellaneous Remarks: House stands on knoll, facing the range & presents a surface including roof of 25 x 40'. Day marks 1 each side, painted black, 25 x 40'.
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 5th
Shape of Lantern:
Diameter to Glass: 6'
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides: Square
Type of Bars:
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 4'
Number of Plates in Height: 2
Number of Plates Each Side: 2, single windows 1 side 2' x 4'
Thickness of Plates: 3/16"
Size of Plates: 24 x 24"
Number of Storm Panes:
Unglazed Side of Lantern: 3 sides unglazed.
What Bearings:
Construction Material Lantern: Wood
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Wood tinned
Ventilator / Cowl: Zinc
Lightning Spindle: Iron
Description of Lightning Rod: Iron rod carried over side of lantern & tower & roof of dwelling & down side to ground where it is buried.
Balustrade: Wood
Lantern Doors: Rear side hinged, etc.
Floor of Lantern: Wood w/ copper covering
Watchroom Doors: Trap door in floor of lantern
Parapet Diameter:
Location / Number: In parapet
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: None needed
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: Screwed into wall of lantern.
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus:
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker: Sautter - Paris
Year Made:
Marks and Number:
Order of Apparatus: 2nd
Inside Diameter:
Light Characteristic: Fixed white
Time of Revolution:
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part: Only seen in range
Number of Panels: Range lens - no panels
Number of Flash Panels:
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum:
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: 5 concentric rings
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: 5 concentric rings
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: Iron
Service Table:
Draft Tube Description:
Revolving Machinery:
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube:
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time:
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection:
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced: White
Red Sectors Description:
Where Color Attached:
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: Franklin lamp - 1 wick
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: 2
Number of Spare Burners: 4
Candle Power:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: Shelves, etc.
Oil House Description: 2nd story landing in house
Oil House Inside Dimension:
Oil House Construction Material:
Oil House Capacity: 1 - 100 gallon oil butt; 1 - 50 gallon oil butt. Butts placed on wooden stand.
Other (Describe): Back of stairs of dwelling; 2 on 1st & 2 on 2nd story.
Suitability: Dry & Suited.
Location: Frame dwelling 1 story & 1/2 - pitched roof - surmounted by square tower.
Construction Materials: Wood
Number of Rooms: 4 & detached kitchen; & cellar under main.
Number of Dwellings: 1
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers: 1
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouses: 1 barn
Outhouse Coloring:
Paths and Walks: None
Area Inclosed: 3 acres by fences.
Area of Garden: 1/2 acre
Area Timber or Shrubbery: About 1/2 acre
Cultivation Area Available: 1 acre
Area Cultivated: 1/2 acre
Character of Surroundings: Clay, sand & gravel - loam surface.
Stove, Maker:
Stove, Size:
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size:
Pump, Maker:
Pump, Size:
How Procured: From cistern & pump in kitchen
Quality: Good
Quantity: Ample
Injury Possible: No
Purity Precaution: Charcoal filter
Tank Capacity: 4710 gallons under kitchen
Tank Material: Brick lined w/ cement
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description:
Well Diameter:
Well Lining:
Pump or Bucket:
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling:
General Opinion: Good
Diseases: None
Prevalency: No
Local Causes: No
Recommended Improvements: No