Report for Cape Sarichef (Alaska) - 1920

District: 16th
Inspector: Compiled from various sources
Location: On W end of Unimak Island
Date of Report: 09/03/1920
Latitude: 54° 35' 50"
Longitude: 164° 55' 40"
Site: Public land reserved by Executive Order
Date of Reservation: 01/06/1901
Date of Deed:
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: 1845 acres
Area Inclosed: 7 acres partly inclosed
Character of Soil:
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark: 185'
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence: Wire
Wharf or Landing on Premises: None; boats land on N side of reef
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance:
Means to Reach Light Station: By water from Unalaska, (Dutch Harbor) about 65 miles.
Distance to Nearest Road:
Distance to Post Office:
Distance to Village:
Facilities for Public Conveyance:
Facilities for Private Conveyance:
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Wooden octagonal tower rising from center of 1-story octagonal frame fog-signal bldg.
Number of Separate Lights: 1
First Built or Established: 1904
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated:
Condition at This Date:
Shape of Tower in Plan:
Form of Tower:
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball:
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 126'
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Rolling hills & steep slopes, green with grass in summer, light brown in fall & spring, white with snow in winter.
Color of Tower: White, lead color trimmings, brown roof.
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Paint
Tower Connection: Detached
Object of Navigation: General navigation btwn Pacific Ocean & Bering Sea thru Unimak Pass.
Building Materials: Wood, shingled.
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base:
Wall Thickness at Parapet:
Diameter at Base:
Diameter at Parapet:
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Circular, wood.
Number of Landings:
Size of Glass: 10" x 18" (21 oz.)
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: 4; 2' x 3' 6"
Number of Doors: 2; 2' 8" x 6' 8"; 2' 2" x 6'
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface:
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse:
Soil Susceptibility:
Miscellaneous Remarks: Destroyed by fire 8/23/1950
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 3rd
Shape of Lantern:
Diameter to Glass:
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides: 10
Type of Bars: Vertical
Thickness of Bars: 1 1/4" x 4 7/16"
Height Glazed: 5' 9"
Number of Plates in Height: One
Number of Plates Each Side: One
Thickness of Plates: 1/2"
Size of Plates: 9 plates; 2' 7.5" x 5' 8.5"; 1 plate in door, 2' 3.5" x 2' 9.5"; 1 plate over door 2' 7.5" x 2' 9.5"
Number of Storm Panes:
Unglazed Side of Lantern: None
What Bearings:
Construction Material Lantern: Cast iron, brass, bronze & glass.
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Cast iron
Ventilator / Cowl: Cast iron, 22" dia.
Lightning Spindle: Brass with platinum point
Description of Lightning Rod:
Balustrade: Wood, 2' 10" high
Lantern Doors: 1, hinged, cast iron, 3 brass hinges.
Floor of Lantern: Wood, double 7/8" x 4", T&G, G.I. nails
Watchroom Doors: None
Parapet Diameter:
Location / Number: In parapet
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: 1, 12', iron, portable
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: Spring rollers, brass hangers.

How is Watchroom Fitted:
How is Relief Called:
Where is Call System Led: Telephone orig. installed from tower to dwellings, but discontinued due to difficulty of maintaining wires in winter.
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus: Not known
Intensity in Candles: 7300
Name of Maker: Not known
Year Made: Not known
Marks and Number: None
Order of Apparatus: 3rd
Inside Diameter: 39.37"
Light Characteristic:
Time of Revolution:
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part: Fixed 216 degrees
Number of Panels: 5 - 2 of which are reflectors
Number of Flash Panels: None
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum: 13
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: 11, fixed
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: 6, fixed
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: C.I. service table supported on 4 posts which are cased in polished brass tubing; on C.I. floor ring.
Service Table:
Draft Tube Description: Has draft tube. Has damper tube for use with substitute oil lamp, not used with vapor lamp.
Revolving Machinery:
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls: Flanged wheels
Chariot Description: 3 vertical 2" diam. flanged wheels with ball bearings & coned tread, traveling on horiz. track; all wheels use same pattern.
Length of Drop Tube: 27' high, 26.5" dia.
Clock Weight: Variable
Length of Winding Time: Not known
Drive During Rewind: No
Machinery Protection: Clock case, brass & glass
Regulated: Friction governor
Lens Protection: None
How Color is Produced:
Red Sectors Description:
Where Color Attached:
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: 3rd order, Type A, IOV, 1 tank system, double acting air pump.
Type of Illuminant: Incandescent oil vapor
Number of Spare Lamps: 1 spare IOV lamp, 2 2nd order plunger 3-wick oil lamps for substitute
Number of Spare Burners: 2 4th order 1-wick oil lamps for emergency relief.
Candle Power: 900

Clock Cord Description
Revolving Cord: Galv. cord
Size of Clock Cord: 3/16"
Length of Clock Cord: 60'
How Led: From clock drum, under guide sheave over another guide sheave at top of well, down to weight, around wt. sheave to wall.
Diameter and Length of Clock Drum:

Vapor Oil Lamp
Number of Wicks or Mantels: 1
Diameter of Outside Wick:
Diameter of Mantel: 55 mm
Diameter of Circum Circle:

Occulting Light
Characteristic: Light 25 sec., eclipse 5 sec.
Time Limit: Ratio of light to dark is fixed. Amount of adjustment of speed of revolution is unknown.
Eclipse Type: Revolving screens
Size and Amplitude:
Axis Rotation: Vertical
Axis Relation: Practically coincident
Screen Revolution: Independently
Screen Number: 3
Screen Time: 1.5 minutes
Screen Form: Curved in horiz. section; lower part vertical w/ parallel edges; Upper part tapered & curved toward center.
Screen Mounting: Attached to horiz. ring which is supported on 3 flanged wheels, traveling upon a circular track.
Screen Order: 4th order; 3rd district
Screen Date: 1914
Valve Maker:
Valve Pattern:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: 2
Oil House Description: 2
Oil House Inside Dimension: 7.5' x 11'
Oil House Construction Material: Wood frame & corrugated iron, roof & sheathing.
Oil House Capacity: 980 cans each. Has 4 galv. iron mineral oil storage tanks, 31 1/4" dia. x 6', Cap'y 235 gal each; mounted in oil house.
Other (Describe): 2 closets in vestibule, 2 lockers in tower; 1 locker under sink.
Suitability: Suited.
Fog Signal General
Fog Signal Kind: 1st class automatic siren.
Time to Start: 8 min.
How Long Will Pressure Last: 0
Year of Manufacture:
Characteristic: 3 sec blast, 5 sec silent, 3 sec blast, 49 sec silent
Duplication: Engines, compressors, air tanks, sirens, horns, & tripping gear.
Timing Device: Crosby automatic tripping gear
If whistle, siren, or trumpet, Pressure at Which Blown: Siren - 60 lbs
Height Above Water: 110'
Compass Direction: 282 degrees
Location: In same bldg as light.
Distance and Direction:
Water Supply: Rain water from roof of tower drained into underground cistern.
Reached from Lighthouse: Just back of fog-signal bldg.
Description of Fog Signal Building: 1-story, octagonal; frame bldg on concrete foundation. Heater is hot water, boiler, Little Giant No. 20, made by Pierce, Butler & Pierce Mfg. Co., Syracuse, NY. Grate 18" dia.; shaker ring, 14.5"
Pressure And Recording Gauge: 2 pressure gauges. Rand Drill Co., Recording gauge American Steam Gauge Co., Boston.
Siren Signal
Siren: Cylindrical
Siren Diameter: 6"
Siren Built Date: Not known
Siren Manufacturer: Gen. Depot.
Siren Ports: 20; 2 3/4 x 3/32"
Siren Revolutions:
Siren Governor:
Siren Condition: Good

Internal Combustion Signal
Fog Signal Kind:
Internal Combustion Kind: Hornsby-Akroyd; oil
Internal Combustion Manufacturer: DeLa Vergne Refrigerating Machine Co.; N engine No. 2918; S engine No. 2919
Internal Combustion Date: 1902
Internal Combustion Size: 11" x 15"
Internal Combustion Horsepower: 13
Internal Combustion Fuel: Mineral oil
Internal Combustion Starter: Heated by torch "3rd District"
Compressor Maker: Ingersoll-Sargent Air Compressor Co., N compr No 5626; S compr. No. 5627
Compressor Seat: Same bed & geared
Compressor Machinery: 36/24
Compressor Diameter: 8"
Compressor Stroke: 8"
Compressor RPMs:
Character of Air Inlet:
Kind of Unloader: Heron & Burry
Diameter of Delivery Pipe: 2"

Air Receiver
Number: 2
Diameter: 1 - 2'; 1 - 3.5"
Height: 8'
Capacity Cubic Feet: 25 & 77 cu ft.
Pressure in Each: 60
Make of Reducing Valve: Mason (Does not operate properly & is cut out.
Location: 3 dwellings, only farthest from tower occupied. 500' S'ly
Coloring: White, lead color trimmings, brown roof
Construction Materials: Concrete basement, frame bldgs.
Number of Rooms: 6
Number of Dwellings: 3, only 1 in use.
Heating Plant: #202 hot water heater (Perfect) 8 radiators
Number of Keepers: All 3 occupy same bldg.
Furnished Quarters: All
NOT Furnished Quarters: None
Outhouses: 1 barn, 2 oil houses, 2 hoist houses, 1 black-smith shop
Outhouse Coloring: White with brown roofs exc. 1 oil house brown & oil houses have lead color roofs.
Paths and Walks: Concrete walk, dwelling to landing; concrete steps leading to oil houses; dirt path, dwelling to oil houses; concrete walk oil houses
Area Inclosed:
Area of Garden:
Area Timber or Shrubbery:
Cultivation Area Available: None
Area Cultivated: None
Character of Surroundings: Hilly, gravelly soil with boulders. Shore line rocky ledges & beaches of loose shifting black volcanic sand; lava flows in places. Volcanic hills & mountains in background.
Stove, Maker: Bridge & Beach, Superior
Stove, Size: 268-20
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size:
Pump, Maker:
Pump, Size:
How Procured: Rain water
Quality: Good
Quantity: Qty ample, but circulating water in cistern gets hot on long runs
Injury Possible: Not
Purity Precaution: Brick filter walls.
Tank Capacity: 1 beside each dwelling, 11000 gal. 1 on hillside back of fog-signal, 2400 gal.
Tank Material: Concrete, underground.
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description:
Well Diameter:
Well Lining:
Pump or Bucket: Pump
What Power Used: Hand
Distance from Dwelling: Pump inside dwelling
General Opinion: Excellent
Diseases: None
Local Causes: No
Recommended Improvements: No
Access to Lighthouse: Suppl;ies are landed on N side of reef just below tower. There is partial shelter. Supplies hoisted out of boat onto reef by Fairbanks-Morse hoist mounted on tram car, which is run out onto reef when needed.
Distance and Direction: 100 yds SW'ly
Miscellaneous Remarks: Portable track on permanent concrete piers extends from landing to shore. Supplies hauled up hill to oil houses & tower by air hoist or dist. to dwellings by tram car. There is a portable iron derrick with swinging boom mounted on reef when needed.
Boat #1
Boat Number: 28
Type: Skiff
Length: 4'
Width: 13' 10"
When Built: Unknown
Date Harbored at Station: Nov. 1910
Sails: False
Suited to Work: No - will be replaced
Boat #2
Boat Number: 40
Type: Dory
Length: 5' 4"
Width: 19'
When Built: 1914
Date Harbored at Station: Apr. 1914
Sails: False
Suited to Work: Yes
Boat #3
Boat Number: 34
Type: Whaleboat
Length: 6' 3"
Width: 18'
When Built:
Date Harbored at Station: July 1914
Sails: False
Suited to Work: Yes

Hoisting Engines
Engine #1
Hoisting Engine Kind: Dake, Air hoist
Engine RPMs: 400
Engine Diameter:
Engine Stroke:
Engine Boiler:
Engine Maker and Date: Dake Engine Co., Grand Haven, MI
Serial Number:
Cylinders and Size:
Hoist Starter:
Hoist Miscellaneous: Uses air from fog signal air rec'rs thru pipe
Engine #2
Hoisting Engine Kind: Fairbanks-Morse, single drum, Type "T"
Engine RPMs: 400
Engine Diameter:
Engine Stroke:
Engine Boiler:
Engine Maker and Date: Fairbanks, Morse & Co.
Serial Number:
Cylinders and Size:
Horsepower: 2
Fuel: Gasoline
Hoist Starter:
Hoist Miscellaneous:
Engine #3
Hoisting Engine Kind: F-M, Type "T"
Engine RPMs: 350
Engine Diameter:
Engine Stroke:
Engine Boiler:
Engine Maker and Date: Fairbanks, Morse & Co.
Serial Number:
Cylinders and Size:
Horsepower: 4
Hoist Starter:
Hoist Miscellaneous:

General Information:
Boats on Station: In barn. There is no boathouse.
Supplemental Reports
Installation of New engines & Compressors
Name of engines: Charter Mietz
Name of builder: Charter Gas Engine Co., Sterling, IL.; Engine vertical, double cylinder, direct connected to double cylinder compressor.
Size of engine: bore 7"; stroke 8"
Horsepower: 18 at 400 RPM
N engine No. 9106; S engine No. 9107;: Engines equipped with Madison Kipp Model 50 lubricator, Madison, WI
Engine air starting valves, 3/4": Compressors equipped with Jarecki unloader, built by Jareki Mfg. Co., Erie, PA
Installation, cont.
Air starting unit:: Auxiliary compressor is Curtis No. 2 477-A, size 3 x 3.5, (Curtis Compressor Co., St. Louis, MO), direct connected with a flexible coupling to an Alamo 2 HP gas engine made by Alamo Engine Co., type S, hopper cooled, Hillsdale, MI, serial No. C113719,
Speed 625 RPM: with a Wico Electric Oscillating Magneto No. 431608, (Wico Elec. Co., Springfield, MA) type KK, made by Wico Electric Co.
Air starting unit is mounted on a channel iron: frame which is bolted to concrete sub base 12" high.