Report for Anclote Key (Florida) - 1913

District: 7th
Inspector: Wm. W. Demerith, Supt. 7th Dist.
Location: On S'ly end of most S'ly of Anclote Keys
Date of Report: 01/02/1913
Latitude: 28° 10' 02"
Longitude: 82° 50' 44"
Site: Public land withdrawn from sale or entry by order of Commissioner Gen. Land Office, letter to US Land office dated 1/9/78; by Executive Order declared LH Reservation 2/1/1886
Date of Reservation: 02/03/1886
Date of Deed:
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: 177 acres
Area Inclosed: 104 x 148'
Character of Soil:
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark: 82' S x W
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence: Wooden
Wharf or Landing on Premises: Length 459', 8' wide. From tower to wharf 418'
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance:
Means to Reach Light Station: By sail to Tarpon Springs, thence by boat to light
Distance to Nearest Road:
Distance to Post Office: Anclote, Fl. about 4 miles. Keepers go to Tarpon Springs for station.
Distance to Village:
Facilities for Public Conveyance:
Facilities for Private Conveyance:
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Pyramidal tower of round iron columns & braces with cast iron central cylinder, on concrete foundation
Number of Separate Lights: 1
First Built or Established: October, 1887
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated: Feb'y & March 1912
Condition at This Date:
Shape of Tower in Plan:
Form of Tower:
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball:
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 101'
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Pine, palmetto & Mangrove trees & sky
Color of Tower: Tower brown, lantern black
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Paint
Tower Connection: Detached
Object of Navigation: Seacoast & harbor; general & local use.
Building Materials: Cast & structural wrought iron.
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base:
Wall Thickness at Parapet:
Diameter at Base:
Diameter at Parapet:
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Spiral, cast iron
Number of Landings:
Size of Glass: 9.5" x 7.5"
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: 4 windows 1' 9 7/16" x 2' 4" - 6 glasses
Number of Doors: 3- entrance iron, double 6' 9" x 26 3/4", parapet - 6' 4 3/4" x 27"; watchroom - wooden 2' 1.5" x 7'
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface:
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse:
Soil Susceptibility:
Miscellaneous Remarks: Station in excellent condition, tower will soon req. painting.
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 3rd
Shape of Lantern: Polygonal
Diameter to Glass:
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides: 10
Type of Bars: Vertical
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 5' 11"
Number of Plates in Height: One
Number of Plates Each Side: One
Thickness of Plates: 1/4"
Size of Plates: 2' 7.5" x 5' 11 3/4"
Number of Storm Panes:
Unglazed Side of Lantern: None
What Bearings:
Construction Material Lantern: Iron
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Copper
Ventilator / Cowl: Brass
Lightning Spindle: Copper
Description of Lightning Rod:
Balustrade: Iron balustrade, cast iron floor.
Lantern Doors: None
Floor of Lantern: Cast iron
Watchroom Doors: No door.
Parapet Diameter:
Location / Number: Lower part of lantern
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: None
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: Brass hooks screwed to top of lantern

How is Watchroom Fitted: Circular room, fitted with clockwork in iron case which forms support for illuminating & revolving apparatus, spiral stairs & lanterns, locker, service box, tool chest. etc., etc.
How is Relief Called: None
Where is Call System Led:
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus: 5 hours, usually wound every 4 hours
Intensity in Candles: 200,000
Name of Maker: Henry LePaute, Paris
Year Made: 1884
Marks and Number: HL/ 323
Order of Apparatus: 3rd
Inside Diameter: 3' 3.5"
Light Characteristic:
Time of Revolution: 6 minutes
Flash Interval: 30 sec.
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part:
Number of Panels: 12
Number of Flash Panels: 12
Arc of Each: 30 degrees
Number of Elements in Central Drum: 10 ring around bulls eye
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: 11
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: 5
Does Apparatus Revolve?: True
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: Consists of clock case on which apparatus rests.
Service Table:
Draft Tube Description: None - tube leads above umbrella & has a hood on top of same.
Revolving Machinery:
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls: Chariot
Chariot Description: 6 wheels, 4 1/8" dia., H 2 3/8" guide rollers at top of lens. 6 center horiz. in carriage 1 7/8" dia.; 8 center horiz on lens. 2 5/8"
Length of Drop Tube: None
Clock Weight: 150 to 225 lbs
Length of Winding Time: 5 hours, usually wound every 4 hours
Drive During Rewind: No
Machinery Protection: Circular iron case with glass doors
Regulated: By a governor, & by the use of more or less weight.
Lens Protection: Linen lens cover
How Color is Produced:
Red Sectors Description:
Where Color Attached:
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: 3rd o Type B
Type of Illuminant: IOV
Number of Spare Lamps: 1 spare IOV lamp, 1 spare wick lamp
Number of Spare Burners: 3 (for wick lamp)
Candle Power: 200, 000

Clock Cord Description
Revolving Cord: Flexible steel cable
Size of Clock Cord: 1/4"
Length of Clock Cord: 24'
How Led: From drum down thru floor around weight pulley back to floor
Diameter and Length of Clock Drum: 5" x 7.5"

Vapor Oil Lamp
Number of Wicks or Mantels: Type "B" single tank system, 1 mantel
Diameter of Outside Wick:
Diameter of Mantel: 55 mm
Diameter of Circum Circle:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: No closet in tower, small locker & tool chest in watchroom.
Oil House Description: About 75' S x W from base of tower
Oil House Inside Dimension: 10' x 12' x 9'
Oil House Construction Material: Brick, corrug. iron roof.
Oil House Capacity: 925'
Other (Describe): 2 in each dwelling for supplies & stores - boat house also used for storing. Large storehouse in yard.
Suitability: Suited.
Location: 2 - 1 on each side & a little to rear.
Coloring: White with green blinds & slate colored asbestos roof.
Construction Materials: Wood, with brick piers & asbestos shingles.
Number of Rooms: 5
Number of Dwellings: 2
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers: 1 with family
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouses: 1 for each dwelling
Outhouse Coloring: White, slate colored asbestos roof
Paths and Walks: Brick
Area Inclosed:
Area of Garden:
Area Timber or Shrubbery:
Cultivation Area Available: No
Area Cultivated: None
Character of Surroundings: Marsh & sandy
Stove, Maker: King Stove & Range Co. (2)
Stove, Size: Crown No. 8 (2)
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size: 23.5 x 27.5" (2)
Pump, Maker:
Pump, Size: No. 2 (2)
Lamps: 2 table lamps, 2 hand lamps, 2 tubular lanterns.
How Procured: Rain water from roof by gutters
Quality: Excellent
Quantity: Ample
Injury Possible: No
Purity Precaution: No chalk used, tanks cleaned annually
Tank Capacity: 1 - 500 gal tank back of each dwelling.
Tank Material: 2 - cypress
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description:
Well Diameter:
Well Lining:
Pump or Bucket:
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling:
General Opinion: Excellent
Diseases: Malaria from mosquitoes
Prevalency: May to September
Local Causes: Brackish marsh
Recommended Improvements: Could not be drained
Access to Lighthouse: Wooden wharf, square terra cotta cased wooden piles, pine & cypress deck 459' x 8' with boat landing at end. Road made of brick with cement curb 418' long leads from wharf to dwelling; boathouse on land with marine railway for hauling boats onto.
Distance and Direction: SE x S - 877' to boat landing at end of wharf.
Miscellaneous Remarks:
Boat Number: 1
Type: Sloop
Length: 6' 5"
Width: 17' 4"
When Built: Jan'y 1886
Date Harbored at Station: 1/21/1909
Sails: True
Suited to Work: Yes, but should have gasoline motor installed.

Hoisting Engines
Hoisting Engine Kind: Hand winch for boatways
Engine RPMs:
Engine Diameter:
Engine Stroke:
Engine Boiler:
Engine Maker and Date:
Serial Number:
Cylinders and Size:
Hoist Starter:
Hoist Miscellaneous:

General Information: Motor owned by keeper
Boats on Station: In suitable boathouse