Report for Wood End (Massachusetts) - 1931

District: 2nd
Inspector: H. L. Bartlett, Junior Engineer
Location: On beach near entrance to Provincetown Harbor, Mass.
Date of Report: 05/14/1931
Latitude: 42° 01' 17"
Longitude: 70° 11' 38"
Site: Military reservation, 1872
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed:
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: About 5 acres
Area Inclosed: No
Character of Soil:
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark: 200'
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence: None
Wharf or Landing on Premises: None
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance:
Means to Reach Light Station: Boat or team, about 5 miles by boat & about 3 miles by team - Provincetown P.O.
Distance to Nearest Road:
Distance to Post Office:
Distance to Village:
Facilities for Public Conveyance:
Facilities for Private Conveyance:
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Tower
Number of Separate Lights: One
First Built or Established: 1872
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated:
Condition at This Date:
Shape of Tower in Plan:
Form of Tower:
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball:
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 45'
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Provincetown
Color of Tower: White - black lantern
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Whitewash
Tower Connection: Detached
Object of Navigation: Harbor, bay & general navigation
Building Materials: Bricks
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base:
Wall Thickness at Parapet:
Diameter at Base:
Diameter at Parapet:
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Iron
Number of Landings:
Size of Glass: 9" x 12"
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: 4; 30.5" x 28"
Number of Doors: 1; 3' x 6' 10"
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface:
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse:
Soil Susceptibility:
Miscellaneous Remarks: Tower in excellent condition. Site sand
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 5th
Shape of Lantern: Polygonal
Diameter to Glass:
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides: 10
Type of Bars: Vertical
Thickness of Bars: 1 1/8"
Height Glazed: 36"
Number of Plates in Height: One
Number of Plates Each Side: One
Thickness of Plates: 1/4"
Size of Plates: 27.5" x 36.5"
Number of Storm Panes:
Unglazed Side of Lantern: None
What Bearings:
Construction Material Lantern: Iron
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Iron
Ventilator / Cowl: Iron
Lightning Spindle: Yes - copper connected to ground
Description of Lightning Rod:
Balustrade: Yes, iron
Lantern Doors: Iron fitted with hinges & latch
Floor of Lantern: Iron
Watchroom Doors: Iron hinged
Parapet Diameter:
Location / Number: Parapet walls - 5 each
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: None
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: Spring roll curtains

How is Watchroom Fitted: Fitted with closet for spare parts etc.
How is Relief Called: Electric bell for lens & lamp
Where is Call System Led: To bedroom in keepers dwelling
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus: 7.5 hours - 3rd dist type C
Intensity in Candles: 2800
Name of Maker: Sautter & Co. Paris
Year Made: Not known`
Marks and Number:
Order of Apparatus: 4th
Inside Diameter: 19 3/4"
Light Characteristic:
Time of Revolution: 1 minute
Flash Interval: 13.8 sec
Duration of Flash: 1.2 sec
Arc of Each Fixed Part:
Number of Panels: 4
Number of Flash Panels: 4
Arc of Each: 90 degrees
Number of Elements in Central Drum: 1 bulls eye
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: 8 flashing
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: 6 flashing
Does Apparatus Revolve?: True
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: Iron with brass sleeves - 3rd district
Service Table:
Draft Tube Description: Brass 2" pipe no damper
Revolving Machinery:
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls: Old type 3rd district ball bearings
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube: None
Clock Weight: About 175 lbs
Length of Winding Time: 7.5 hours - 3rd dist type C
Drive During Rewind: Yes
Machinery Protection: Glass case
Regulated: Friction governor
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced: 375 mm Red shade
Red Sectors Description: None
Where Color Attached:
Form of Colored Glass: Circular 375 mm red shade on 3rd dist. shade holder
Lamp Description: 35 mm IOV type "A"
Type of Illuminant: Kerosene
Number of Spare Lamps: 2; 1 on 4th order imp. wick lamp
Number of Spare Burners: One
Candle Power: 500 cp

Clock Cord Description
Revolving Cord: Cord- steel
Size of Clock Cord: 1/8"
Length of Clock Cord: 180'
How Led: Down inside tower
Diameter and Length of Clock Drum: 6 1/4" diam. 6 15/16 long

Chariot Balls
Balls Description: Flat surface
Cage to Separate Balls: True
Number of Balls:
Diameter of Balls:

Vapor Oil Lamp
Number of Wicks or Mantels: 1 mantel
Diameter of Outside Wick:
Diameter of Mantel: 1 1/4"
Diameter of Circum Circle: None
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: With shelves for spare lamps. etc.
Oil House Description: 70' E of tower
Oil House Inside Dimension: 8' 8" x 10'
Oil House Construction Material: Bricks
Oil House Capacity: 450
Other (Describe): None
Fog Signal General
Fog Signal Kind: Bell - B type
Time to Start: At once
How Long Will Pressure Last:
Year of Manufacture:
Characteristic: 1 stroke 15 sec silent
Duplication: No spare parts
Timing Device:
If whistle, siren, or trumpet, Pressure at Which Blown:
Height Above Water:
Compass Direction:
Location: Guide to Provincetown Harbor
Distance and Direction: 110' 207 degrees
Water Supply: None
Reached from Lighthouse: Concrete walk
Description of Fog Signal Building: Wooden pyramidal tower
Pressure And Recording Gauge:
Bell Signal
Weight: 1,035 lbs
Metal: Bell metal
Diameter: 31.5"
Height: 2' 5"
Time: 6 hours
Weights for Operation: 1000 lbs
Location: 50' NE
Coloring: White lead colored trimmings
Construction Materials: Wood
Number of Rooms: 6
Number of Dwellings: 1
Heating Plant: Direct hot water
Number of Keepers: 1 keeper
Furnished Quarters: Keeper
NOT Furnished Quarters: None
Outhouses: Fuel house
Outhouse Coloring: White lead trim
Paths and Walks: Concrete & wooden walks
Area Inclosed:
Area of Garden:
Area Timber or Shrubbery:
Cultivation Area Available: No
Area Cultivated: None
Character of Surroundings: Sand
Stove, Maker: Glenwood
Stove, Size: 8-20
Sink, Maker: Not known
Sink, Size: 22" x 24"
Pump, Maker: Douglas
Pump, Size: #2
Lamps: 1 brass table, 1 brass hand lamp from General Depot
How Procured: Rain water from dwelling roof
Quality: Good
Quantity: Ample
Injury Possible: No
Purity Precaution: Frequent cleaning
Tank Capacity: About 4600 gals. dwelling cellar
Tank Material: Bricks - cement plastered on inside
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description:
Well Diameter:
Well Lining:
Pump or Bucket:
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling:
General Opinion: Healthful
Diseases: None
Local Causes: None
Recommended Improvements: No
Access to Lighthouse: Beach landing, no wharf or boathouse, sandy & marsh road to lighthouse, but not passable at all times
Distance and Direction: Beach about 75' W'ly from lighthouse
Miscellaneous Remarks: Station in excellent condition