Report for Vermilion (Ohio) - 1909

District: 10th
Inspector: Chas. Bartlett, Chief Clerk and Norris Works, Supt
Location: On W Pier, about 25' from its outer end, entrance to Vermilion Harbor, S'ly shore of Lake Erie, OH
Date of Report: 02/03/1909
Latitude: 41° 25' 45"
Longitude: 82° 21' 53"
Site: Tower on US Pier. Dwelling lot purchased for $3200.
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed: 07/26/1871
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: 0.33 acre at dwelling site, 99' x 143.75'
Area Inclosed: 70' x 99' = 6930 sq. ft. = 0.16 acres
Character of Soil: Clay loam
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark: On pier
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence: Picket fence, old & decayed.
Wharf or Landing on Premises: None
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance:
Means to Reach Light Station: From dwelling, by public street to inner end of W Pier, thence out pier to beacon. In stormy weather the elevated walk, 630' long, on pier may be used.
Distance to Nearest Road: LS RR 1/2 mile, Nickel Plate RR 1 mile, Lake Shore Electric RR 1/2 mile.
Distance to Post Office: In Vermilion
Distance to Village: In Vermilion
Facilities for Public Conveyance: L.S. & M.S. RR & Nickel Plate RR & Lake Shore Electric RR to Vermilion.
Facilities for Private Conveyance: Dwelling is in village of Vermilion.
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Iron tower
Number of Separate Lights: 1
First Built or Established: 1847
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated: 1877; cement foundation placed in 1904
Condition at This Date: Good
Shape of Tower in Plan: Octagonal
Form of Tower: Pyramidal
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball: 34'
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 34' 6"
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Trees & bldgs of village
Color of Tower: From base up 9' brown, balance white, lantern black
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Paint
Tower Connection: Detached
Object of Navigation: Harbor light
Building Materials: Iron
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base: 3/4" metal
Wall Thickness at Parapet: 3/4" metal
Diameter at Base: 13' 10.5"
Diameter at Parapet: 8' 8"
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Spiral iron, 1st to 2nd floor, iron ladder to lantern
Number of Landings: 1
Size of Glass: 14" & 9.5" round.
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: 7 cast iron, 4 - 9 7/8" dia., 3 - 14 1/8" dia.
Number of Doors: 1 entrance door in 2nd floor, 1 trap door in 1st floor to base.
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface: On concrete foundation standing on 24' wooden crib of pier. Wooden superstructure of pier was removed in 1907 & replaced with large stone, except along the 2 sides of pier, at tower, which are open & unprotected.
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse:
Soil Susceptibility:
Miscellaneous Remarks:
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 5th
Shape of Lantern: Polygonal
Diameter to Glass: 6' 11.5"
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides: 8
Type of Bars: Vertical
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 36"
Number of Plates in Height: One
Number of Plates Each Side: One
Thickness of Plates: 1/4" to 5/16"
Size of Plates: 36 3/4" x 34"
Number of Storm Panes: 3 - These are not used now.
Unglazed Side of Lantern: None
What Bearings:
Construction Material Lantern: Iron & brass
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Copper roof on iron rafters, lined with zinc
Ventilator / Cowl: Cast iron
Lightning Spindle: Iron, with plated point
Description of Lightning Rod: Iron stairs & rod to water.
Balustrade: Wrought iron
Lantern Doors: Cast iron double doors on wrought iron hinges, with brass lock.
Floor of Lantern: Cast iron, checkered
Watchroom Doors: Trap door in lantern floor.
Parapet Diameter: 6' 7"
Location / Number: 4 ventilators in parapet of cast iron, with brass revolving discs.
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: 1 iron.
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: 8 brass hooks screwed into corners.
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus:
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker: Barbier & Fenestre, Paris
Year Made:
Marks and Number:
Order of Apparatus: 5th
Inside Diameter: 14 3/4"
Light Characteristic: Fixed red
Time of Revolution:
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part: 180 degrees - visible N 75 degrees 56' E by S to S 75 degrees 56' W; Azimuth 75 degrees - 56' to 255 degrees 56'
Number of Panels: 2 & 180 degree reflector, prismatic.
Number of Flash Panels:
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum:
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: 5
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: 3
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: Iron, 5" diam.
Service Table: Iron
Draft Tube Description: 2.5" smoke conductor tube, 40" long, of brass, screwed to lens ring.
Revolving Machinery:
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube:
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time:
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection:
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced: Ruby chimney
Red Sectors Description:
Where Color Attached:
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: 5th order
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: 3
Number of Spare Burners: None
Candle Power:

Vapor Oil Lamp
Number of Wicks or Mantels: 1 wick
Diameter of Outside Wick: 1 1/4"
Diameter of Mantel:
Diameter of Circum Circle:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: Closet in 1st story of tower for keeping chimneys & other supplies.
Oil House Description: Square iron oil house, located with side 16' 6" from S'ly side of tower, on W Pier, fitted with 5 iron shelves. Erected July, 1905.
Oil House Inside Dimension: 7' 6 7/8" x 7' 6 7/8"
Oil House Construction Material:
Oil House Capacity: 18 x 5 = 90 - 5 gal cases of oil = 450 gal.
Other (Describe): Oil house
Suitability: Dry, suited
Location: About 1/2 mile from beacon in village of Vermilion
Coloring: White, lead color trim
Construction Materials: 1.5 story frame bldg on cement foundation.
Number of Rooms: 5 besides kitchen, office & cellar
Number of Dwellings:
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers: 1
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouses: Privy & small wood shed.
Outhouse Coloring: White, lead color trim.
Paths and Walks: Stone walk on Liberty & Gronud Sts. Also to privy & wood shed around rear of dwelling.
Area Inclosed: 70' x 99' = 6930 sq ft. by old picket fence in poor condition.
Area of Garden: 70' x 99' = 6930 sq. ft. = 0.16 acres
Area Timber or Shrubbery: None, trees have all died except 1 plum, 2 quince, 1 pear & 1 mulberry.
Cultivation Area Available: 70' x 99' = 6930 sq. ft. if properly under drained.
Area Cultivated: 6930 sq. ft.
Character of Surroundings: Clay loam
Stove, Maker:
Stove, Size:
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size:
Pump, Maker:
Pump, Size:
How Procured: Village water works, from Lake Erie
Quality: Excellent
Quantity: Ample
Injury Possible: Not liable
Purity Precaution: No filter
Tank Capacity: 80 brl. Outside SW corner of kitchen.
Tank Material: Stone, cement over. Heavy stone platform was placed over cistern in 1883-4.
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description:
Well Diameter:
Well Lining:
Pump or Bucket: Suction pump (not used at present)
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling: Inside dwelling.
General Opinion: Healthful
Diseases: None
Prevalency: No
Local Causes: No
Recommended Improvements:
Access to Lighthouse: No boat house or wharf provided.
Distance and Direction:
Miscellaneous Remarks: Beginning at tower, going towards shore: 120 lin. ft. concrete steel type, trestles of bent rails, spaced 10' CC 2 anchor bolts to each trestle, walking surface is 3" slab of reinforced concrete, erected 1908. 500 lin. ft. rail - plank type.