Report for Turkey Point Light Station (Maryland) - 1909

District: 5th
Inspector: Major W.E. Craighill, Lighthouse Engineer
Location: On the bluff of Turkey Point, MD., separating the mouths of Elk & NE Rivers, head of Chesapeake Bay
Date of Report: 07/17/1909
Latitude: 39° 27' 00"
Longitude: 76° 00' 31"
Site: Purchase
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed: 12/28/1832
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: 4 acres
Area Inclosed: Entire site
Character of Soil: Loam
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark: 260'
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence: Board fence
Wharf or Landing on Premises: None
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance: None
Means to Reach Light Station: Wagon
Distance to Nearest Road: 1 mile to public road
Distance to Post Office: 1 mile
Distance to Village: 14 miles
Facilities for Public Conveyance: Wagon
Facilities for Private Conveyance: Wagon
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Tower
Number of Separate Lights: One
First Built or Established: 1833
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated:
Condition at This Date: Good
Shape of Tower in Plan: Circular
Form of Tower: Conical
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball: 40'
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 63.5'
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Woods
Color of Tower: White
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Whitewash
Tower Connection: Detached
Object of Navigation: Bay, for general navigating purposes.
Building Materials: Brick
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base: 2' 6"
Wall Thickness at Parapet: 14.5"
Diameter at Base: 16'
Diameter at Parapet: 9' 8"
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Wood
Number of Landings: One
Size of Glass: 8" x 10"
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: 3
Number of Doors: 1
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface: Not known
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse: Loam
Soil Susceptibility: Yes
Miscellaneous Remarks:
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 4th
Shape of Lantern: Polygonal
Diameter to Glass: 7' 1"
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides: 9
Type of Bars: Vertical
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 36"
Number of Plates in Height: One
Number of Plates Each Side: One
Thickness of Plates: 3/8"
Size of Plates: 28.5" x 36"
Number of Storm Panes: None
Unglazed Side of Lantern: All glazed
What Bearings:
Construction Material Lantern: Copper, iron & wood
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Copper
Ventilator / Cowl: Copper
Lightning Spindle: Brass
Description of Lightning Rod: 3/4" round copper rod connected to spindle & led down side of tower to ground.
Balustrade: Iron
Lantern Doors: Wood, fitted with hinges to frame of lantern
Floor of Lantern: Iron, covered with oilcloth
Watchroom Doors: None
Parapet Diameter: 6'
Location / Number: In base of lantern
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: None
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: Screwed into frame of lantern
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus:
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker: Henry LePaute Paris
Year Made: Not given
Marks and Number: No marks.
Order of Apparatus: 4th
Inside Diameter: 19"
Light Characteristic: Fixed white
Time of Revolution:
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part:
Number of Panels: 4
Number of Flash Panels:
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum: 5
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: 5
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: 3
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: Iron
Service Table: Iron
Draft Tube Description: None
Revolving Machinery:
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube:
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time:
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection:
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced:
Red Sectors Description:
Where Color Attached:
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: Improved, 1 wick
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: 2
Number of Spare Burners: None
Candle Power:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: Under steps
Oil House Description: None, oil stored in base of tower
Oil House Inside Dimension:
Oil House Construction Material:
Oil House Capacity:
Other (Describe): Under steps in tower
Suitability: Dry, suited
Fog Signal General
Fog Signal Kind: Bell & Custer machine
Time to Start: 2 minutes
How Long Will Pressure Last:
Manufacturer: Not known
Year of Manufacture: 1858
Characteristic: A single blow every 10 sec.
Duplication: None
Timing Device:
If whistle, siren, or trumpet, Pressure at Which Blown:
Height Above Water:
Compass Direction:
Distance and Direction:
Water Supply:
Reached from Lighthouse:
Description of Fog Signal Building:
Pressure And Recording Gauge:
Bell Signal
Weight: 1200 lbs
Metal: Composition
Diameter: 36"
Height: 30"
Time: About 3.5 hours
Weights for Operation:
Location: WSWly 20'
Coloring: White
Construction Materials: Brick & wood
Number of Rooms: 8
Number of Dwellings:
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers: 1
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouses: Stable & smoke house
Outhouse Coloring: White
Paths and Walks: Wood
Area Inclosed: Entire site by board fence
Area of Garden: 11, 247 sq. ft.
Area Timber or Shrubbery: No timber
Cultivation Area Available: Entire site
Area Cultivated: Entire site
Character of Surroundings: Loam
Stove, Maker:
Stove, Size:
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size:
Pump, Maker:
Pump, Size:
How Procured: Well
Quality: Good
Quantity: Ample
Injury Possible: No
Purity Precaution:
Tank Capacity:
Tank Material:
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description: 90'
Well Diameter: 6'
Well Lining: Lined with brick
Pump or Bucket: Bucket
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling: 40'
General Opinion: Good
Diseases: None
Local Causes:
Recommended Improvements: