Report for Turkey Point (Maryland) - 1867

District: 5th
Inspector: J.M. Berrien, Inspector 5th Dist.
Location: Chesapeake Bay
Date of Report: 09/16/1867
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed:
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site:
Area Inclosed:
Character of Soil:
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark:
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence: Board fence
Wharf or Landing on Premises:
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance:
Means to Reach Light Station:
Distance to Nearest Road:
Distance to Post Office:
Distance to Village:
Facilities for Public Conveyance:
Facilities for Private Conveyance:
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Detached tower
Number of Separate Lights: 1
First Built or Established:
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated:
Condition at This Date:
Shape of Tower in Plan:
Form of Tower:
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball:
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water:
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea:
Color of Tower: White
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Whitewashed inside & out.
Tower Connection:
Object of Navigation:
Building Materials:
General Description: Brick tower in good condition.
Wall Thickness at Base:
Wall Thickness at Parapet:
Diameter at Base:
Diameter at Parapet:
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Wood - in good condition.
Number of Landings:
Size of Glass: In good condition
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: Wood - in good condition.
Number of Doors:
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface:
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse:
Soil Susceptibility:
Miscellaneous Remarks:
Location / Number:
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: None
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: No

How is Watchroom Fitted:
How is Relief Called: No bell for calling the relief.
Where is Call System Led:
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus:
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker:
Year Made:
Marks and Number:
Order of Apparatus: 4th
Inside Diameter:
Light Characteristic: Fixed white
Time of Revolution:
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part:
Number of Panels:
Number of Flash Panels:
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum:
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum:
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum:
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Service Table:
Draft Tube Description:
Revolving Machinery:
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube:
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time:
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection:
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced:
Red Sectors Description:
Where Color Attached:
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: Lens of 4th order, Fountain lamp.
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: 1, not in good condition.
Number of Spare Burners: 2, not in good condition.
Candle Power:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use:
Oil House Description:
Oil House Inside Dimension:
Oil House Construction Material:
Oil House Capacity:
Other (Describe): There is a closet provided for the preservation of utensils, wicks, chimneys and cleaning materials. Paints, oils, spirits of turpentine, paint-brushes, etc. are kept in the oil room by themselves.
Construction Materials:
Number of Rooms:
Number of Dwellings:
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers:
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouse Coloring:
Paths and Walks:
Area Inclosed:
Area of Garden:
Area Timber or Shrubbery:
Cultivation Area Available:
Area Cultivated: Keeper cultivates the land.
Character of Surroundings:
Stove, Maker:
Stove, Size:
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size:
Pump, Maker:
Pump, Size:
Lamps: A regulation time piece in good condition; kept in a bedroom of the dwelling.
Lantern: In good condition.
Illuminating Apparatus: Lens was in good condition & perfectly clean in all its parts.
Service Lamp: In good condition. Glass chimney was perfectly clean.
Oil: Perfectly clean & clear. It had been filtered.
Service Lamp Burner: Clean condition in every respect.
Service Lamp Burner Level: It was found to deviate slightly from the level.
Plate Glass: Clean & in perfect order.
Lens Cover: Was on lens, clean; made of linen sheeting; kept in lantern room when not inside.
Lantern Curtains: None
Carillon or Alarm Bell: None
Rod Lamp: None
Dwelling: Very good.
Stairway and Landing: Very clean.
Inside of Tower: In good condition & whitewashed.
Glazing of Dwelling: In good condition
Improvements Needed: None
Outhouses: Good
Boathouse: None
Grounds: In very good condition. They appear to receive every attention.

Equipment Care
Does Keeper Understand the Use and Care of
Lens: No one is allowed to touch the lens improperly.
Lantern and Trap Doors: Yes
Watch or Trimming Room: None of these were to be seen.
Lucernes or Matches: There were none of these to be seen.
Heater: There is no heater.
Ventilation: Keeper was absent. From appearances however, he knows how to use the ventilators & how to air the bldg.
Dome: They were so painted. Lightning rod was in good condition & led into the ground.

Oil Room
Oil Room Condition: In good condition, apparently no waste of oil.
Oil Carriers: In good condition & well arranged for use.
Number of 100 Gallon Oil Butts: 1
Number of 50 Gallon Oil Butts: 1
Number of Small Butts for Waste Oil:
Number of Dripping Buckets: 3
Number of Oil Tanks: 2 holding 150 gallons.
Oil Butts Made According to Regulation: They are so made.
Oil Butt Covers: Gutters were not filled. Left a request for Keeper to fill them & keep them so.
Drip Bucket Placement: Yes
Oil Butt Platform: Placed upon a raised platform.
Empty Oil Butts: There was no empty oil butt.

Tool Chests and Presses
Cleaning Materials Put Away: Yes
Paints Separate: Yes
Tool Chest: No
Tool Condition:
Tools Free from Rust:
Closets Clean: They appear to be clean in this respect.
Service Box In Good Order: Yes
Trimming Scissors Clean: Yes
Brushes and Floor Clothes: Yes
Lantern Condition: Good

Keeper and Assistants
Keeper Appearance: Keeper absent
Keeper Interested in Duties: Keeper absent
Keeper Capacity for Duties: Keeper absent
Keeper Understanding of Regulations: Keeper absent
Keeper Complaints:
Keeper Family: Yes
Keeper Name: John Crouch
Keeper Age: Elderly
Keeper Present or Absent: Absent. Had gone for medicine for himself, being something of an invalid.
Number of Assistants: None allowed
Assistants Attend to Duty:
Assistants Capability:
Assistants Complaints:
Assistants Family:
Assistant Keeper Names:
Did Principal and Assistant Keepers Accompany the Inspector?: Keeper absent

Account and Regulations Books
Account Books
Daily Expenditures Posted: Yes
Quarterly Returns on Hand: Yes
Receipt and Expenditure Accounts Kept: Yes
Shipwreck and Vessels Passed Book: No
Regulations, Instructions, and Directions
Rules and Regulations Copies:
Instructions and Directions Copies: 3
Placard Directions Copies: 1
Notice to Visitors Copies: 2
Summary of Duties: 1
Index of Instructions: 1
Guide for Mixed Paints: 1
Directions for Purifying Water: 1
Placards Easily Visible: Yes
Books Easily Accessible: Yes
Blank Books and Forms: