Report for St. Marks (Florida) - 1927

District: 8th
Inspector: Assistant Lighthouse Engineer
Location: On N side of Apalachie Bay, E side of entrance to St. Marks River
Date of Report: 08/07/1927
Latitude: 30° 04' 45"
Longitude: 84° 10' 50"
Site: Public lands; Executive orders 1838 Prov., 1903 Perm.
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed:
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: 86 acres
Area Inclosed: 113' x 114'
Character of Soil:
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark: 35'
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence: Wood picket
Wharf or Landing on Premises: Wharf with boathouse
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance:
Means to Reach Light Station: By boat, 8 miles to town of St. Marks
Distance to Nearest Road:
Distance to Post Office: St. Marks, 8 miles by boat or road.
Distance to Village:
Facilities for Public Conveyance:
Facilities for Private Conveyance:
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Brick tower
Number of Separate Lights: None
First Built or Established: 1831
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated: 1921
Condition at This Date:
Shape of Tower in Plan:
Form of Tower:
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball:
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 82'
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Pine woods
Color of Tower: White
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Paint
Tower Connection: Connected by brick walk
Object of Navigation: Secondary seacoast bay & harbor light.
Building Materials: Brick
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base:
Wall Thickness at Parapet:
Diameter at Base:
Diameter at Parapet:
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Spiral wood steps
Number of Landings:
Size of Glass: 8" x 10"
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: 5 - 2' 4" x 3' 9"
Number of Doors: 2' 10" x 7'
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface:
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse:
Soil Susceptibility:
Miscellaneous Remarks:
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 4th
Shape of Lantern: Polygonal
Diameter to Glass:
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides: 10
Type of Bars: Vertical
Thickness of Bars: 1"
Height Glazed: 2' 11.5"
Number of Plates in Height: One
Number of Plates Each Side: One
Thickness of Plates: 1/4"
Size of Plates: 27" x 36 1/8"
Number of Storm Panes:
Unglazed Side of Lantern: None
What Bearings:
Construction Material Lantern: Iron
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Cast iron
Ventilator / Cowl: Cast iron
Lightning Spindle: Iron, platinum point
Description of Lightning Rod:
Balustrade: Yes
Lantern Doors: Cast iron, hinged
Floor of Lantern: Iron
Watchroom Doors: Trap door, spiral cast iron ladder.
Parapet Diameter:
Location / Number: 5 in parapet wall
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: No
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: Inside soffit.
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus:
Intensity in Candles: 490
Name of Maker: Henry LePaute
Year Made: Unknown
Marks and Number: Henry LePaute
Order of Apparatus: 4th; very bad order, prisms badly chipped & broken
Inside Diameter: 19.5"
Light Characteristic:
Time of Revolution:
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part: 270 degrees light, 45 degrees naked
Number of Panels: 3- 270 degrees
Number of Flash Panels:
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum: 5
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: 5, fixed
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: 3, fixed
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: Column, cast iron, round
Service Table:
Draft Tube Description:
Revolving Machinery:
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube:
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time:
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection:
Lens Protection: Cotton
How Color is Produced:
Red Sectors Description:
Where Color Attached:
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: 4th order
Type of Illuminant: Oil
Number of Spare Lamps: 2
Number of Spare Burners: None
Candle Power: Not known

Vapor Oil Lamp
Number of Wicks or Mantels: 1
Diameter of Outside Wick: 2"
Diameter of Mantel:
Diameter of Circum Circle:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: None
Oil House Description: Attached to lower part of tower
Oil House Inside Dimension: 7' x 7' 6" x 7' 6" high
Oil House Construction Material: Brick
Oil House Capacity: 250 5-gal cans
Other (Describe): Near dwelling
Suitability: Dry, well suited.
Location: Attached to tower
Coloring: White
Construction Materials: Coral rock
Number of Rooms: 4
Number of Dwellings: 1
Heating Plant: None
Number of Keepers: 1
Furnished Quarters: Keeper (1 keeper station)
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouses: Storeroom
Outhouse Coloring: White
Paths and Walks: Brick walks
Area Inclosed:
Area of Garden:
Area Timber or Shrubbery:
Cultivation Area Available: No
Area Cultivated: No
Character of Surroundings: Sandy & marsh
Stove, Maker: Perfection
Stove, Size: No. 8
Sink, Maker: Unknown
Sink, Size: 18" x 36"
Pump, Maker: Pitcher pump
Pump, Size: No. 2
Lamps: Hand lamps, table lamps, hand lanterns
How Procured: Cistern supplied by roof drain
Quality: Good
Quantity: Ample
Injury Possible: No
Purity Precaution: Covered & screened
Tank Capacity: 10,000 gals; 1 outside dwelling, 1 under dwelling
Tank Material: 1 brick, 1 wood (cypress)
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description:
Well Diameter:
Well Lining:
Pump or Bucket:
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling:
General Opinion: Good
Diseases: None
Local Causes:
Recommended Improvements:
Access to Lighthouse: Wharf landing with boathouse wharf width 5', length 311' 6". Piles 6" x 6", stringers, headers & braces 3" x 8". Top decking to MHW 6'. Boathouse on 12" x 12" piles
Distance and Direction: NW 500'
Miscellaneous Remarks:
Boat Number: 1
Type: Yawl
Length: 4' 8"
Width: 15'
When Built: 1909
Date Harbored at Station: 1909
Sails: True
Suited to Work: Yes

General Information:
Boats on Station: In boat house