Report for Broad Sound Channel Inner Front Range Light (Massachusetts) - 1909

District: 2nd
Inspector: Lieut. Col. Edw. Burr, USA Engineer 2nd lighthouse
Location: On edge of E'ly bank of N'ly part of Spectacle Island
Date of Report: 03/13/1909
Latitude: 42° 19' 40" N
Longitude: 70° 59' 03" W
Site: Purchase
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed: 11/22/1902
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: .21 acre
Area Inclosed: None
Character of Soil: Grass ground
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark: 35'
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence: None
Wharf or Landing on Premises: Boathouse & slip (Spectacle Island Reservation)
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance: Path
Means to Reach Light Station: Boat
Distance to Nearest Road: Steamboat landing of N. Ward Co., S Boston, Mass. 1 5/8 miles
Distance to Post Office: 3 miles S Boston, Mass.
Distance to Village: 1/4 mile Spectacle Island
Facilities for Public Conveyance: None
Facilities for Private Conveyance: Boat or private steamboat N Ward Co., from S Boston, Mass 1 5/8 miles
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Tower
Number of Separate Lights: 1
First Built or Established: 1903
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated:
Condition at This Date: Good
Shape of Tower in Plan: Circular
Form of Tower: Conical
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball: 30'
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 53'
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Sky
Color of Tower: White - black lantern
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Paint
Tower Connection: Detached
Object of Navigation: Range. Guide from an intersection with the Lovells Island Range line to President Roads.
Building Materials: Wood
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base: 6"
Wall Thickness at Parapet: 6"
Diameter at Base: 12'
Diameter at Parapet: 7' 9"
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Wood
Number of Landings: 1
Size of Glass: 14" x 16"
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: 2; 17" x 19.5"
Number of Doors: 1
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface: Brick - stone post - 3'
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse: Grass ground
Soil Susceptibility: Grass
Miscellaneous Remarks:
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 4th
Shape of Lantern: Polygonal
Diameter to Glass: 6' 10"
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides: 8
Type of Bars: Vertical
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 36"
Number of Plates in Height: One
Number of Plates Each Side: One
Thickness of Plates: 5/16"
Size of Plates: 34" x 36"
Number of Storm Panes: 8
Unglazed Side of Lantern: 7 - 315 degrees
What Bearings:
Construction Material Lantern: Iron
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Iron
Ventilator / Cowl: Iron
Lightning Spindle: Wrought iron - copper tip
Description of Lightning Rod: Copper attached to lantern deck, led down outside tower to ground - end 3' below surface
Balustrade: Wood
Lantern Doors: In parapet
Floor of Lantern: Wood covered with canvas
Watchroom Doors: None
Parapet Diameter: 6' 6" polygonal.
Location / Number: Parapet
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: None
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: On sash bars
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus: 4.5 hours
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker: Chance Brothers
Year Made: 1903
Marks and Number: Birmingham, England
Order of Apparatus: 4th
Inside Diameter: 22"
Light Characteristic: Flashing white
Time of Revolution: 20 sec.
Flash Interval: 5 sec
Duration of Flash: 1 sec (about
Arc of Each Fixed Part:
Number of Panels:
Number of Flash Panels: 4
Arc of Each: 90 degrees
Number of Elements in Central Drum: No drum. Lens is cylindrical with bullseye & prisms above & below
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: 3 above bullseye
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: 3 below bullseye
Does Apparatus Revolve?: True
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: Iron
Service Table: In base of tower
Draft Tube Description: None
Revolving Machinery: Revolving clock
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls: Balls
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube: 15'
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time: 4.5 hours
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection: Iron case - glass doors
Regulated: Governor
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced:
Red Sectors Description:
Where Color Attached:
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: Improved 4th order - 1 wick
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: 2
Number of Spare Burners:
Candle Power:

Clock Cord Description
Revolving Cord:
Size of Clock Cord:
Length of Clock Cord:
How Led: Cord - center of tower
Diameter and Length of Clock Drum:

Chariot Balls
Balls Description: Flat surface
Cage to Separate Balls: False
Number of Balls: 20
Diameter of Balls: 3/8"
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use:
Oil House Description: Spectacle Island Reservation
Oil House Inside Dimension:
Oil House Construction Material:
Oil House Capacity:
Other (Describe): White fuel house (Spectacle Island Reservation) Fuel, paint stock, etc.
Suitability: Dry & suited to purpose.
Location: On Spectacle Island reservation, 65' N;ly from Spectacle Island rear tower
Coloring: White
Construction Materials: Wood
Number of Rooms: 6
Number of Dwellings:
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers: 1
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouses: 1
Outhouse Coloring: White
Paths and Walks: Paths
Area Inclosed: None
Area of Garden: None
Area Timber or Shrubbery: None
Cultivation Area Available: None
Area Cultivated: None
Character of Surroundings: Clay
Stove, Maker:
Stove, Size:
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size:
Pump, Maker:
Pump, Size:
How Procured: Rain water
Quality: Unsatisfactory, due to smoke from factory W.
Quantity: Ample
Injury Possible: No
Purity Precaution: Cisterns cleaned frequently
Tank Capacity: In cellar of dwelling, 2,000 gal
Tank Material: Brick
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description:
Well Diameter:
Well Lining:
Pump or Bucket: Pump
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling: In dwelling
General Opinion: Very Healthful
Diseases: None
Local Causes:
Recommended Improvements: No
Access to Lighthouse: (Spectacle Island) Boathouse & slip
Distance and Direction:
Miscellaneous Remarks: Premises, towers, buildings & illuminating apparatus are in good condition.