Report for Amelia Island Light Station (Florida) - 1921

District: 7th
Inspector: W.G. Wallace
Location: On Amelia Island about two miles from north end
Date of Report: 03/07/1921
Latitude: 30° 40' 23"
Longitude: 81° 26' 34"
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed:
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: 5.99 acres
Area Inclosed:
Character of Soil:
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark: 3/4 mile from ocean beach 143 ft. from creek
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence: Woven wire fence
Wharf or Landing on Premises: None
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance:
Means to Reach Light Station: Station is about 1 mile by road from Fernandina, Pla.
Distance to Nearest Road:
Distance to Post Office:
Distance to Village:
Facilities for Public Conveyance:
Facilities for Private Conveyance:
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Round brick tower
Number of Separate Lights: 1
First Built or Established: 1839
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated: 1885
Condition at This Date:
Shape of Tower in Plan:
Form of Tower:
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball:
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 107 ft.
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Sky
Color of Tower: White. Whitewash
Color of Tower/ How Produced:
Tower Connection: Detached
Object of Navigation: Seacoast for general navigation
Building Materials: Brick
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base:
Wall Thickness at Parapet:
Diameter at Base:
Diameter at Parapet:
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Circular. Stone
Number of Landings:
Size of Glass: 8" x 10'
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: 6 28 3/8 X 23 3/4"
Number of Doors: 1 at foot of tower and 1 double door in watch room
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface:
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse:
Soil Susceptibility:
Miscellaneous Remarks: Tower is situated on a rise of ground about 3/4 mile from beach
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 3rd
Shape of Lantern: 10 sided polygon
Diameter to Glass:
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides: 10
Type of Bars: Vertical
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 5' 9-1/2"
Number of Plates in Height: 1
Number of Plates Each Side: 1
Thickness of Plates: 1/4"
Size of Plates: 5" 9-1/2" x 2' 7-1/2"
Number of Storm Panes:
Unglazed Side of Lantern:
What Bearings:
Construction Material Lantern: Wrought iron
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Copper
Ventilator / Cowl: Three rows of holes
Lightning Spindle: 7 foot long on top of ball
Description of Lightning Rod:
Balustrade: (2) wrought iron rail 1-1/2' high
Lantern Doors: None
Floor of Lantern: Steel Plate
Watchroom Doors: None
Parapet Diameter:
Location / Number: In watch room
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: Ladder from watch room balcony
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: Screwed into lantern frame

How is Watchroom Fitted: Steel floor. Pump and oil tanks in watch room. Three 5-1/2" diam. Ventilators in walls.
How is Relief Called: Bell
Where is Call System Led: Wire leads half way down inside tower then over to dwelling
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus: 4 hours
Intensity in Candles: 32,000
Name of Maker: Barbier & Benard, Paris France
Year Made: No Date
Marks and Number: None
Order of Apparatus: 3rd
Inside Diameter:
Light Characteristic:
Time of Revolution:
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part:
Number of Panels: 12
Number of Flash Panels: 12
Arc of Each: 30 degrees
Number of Elements in Central Drum: 13
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: 11
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: 4
Does Apparatus Revolve?: True
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: 4 2-1/2" steel rods, 5' 9" long, brass covered
Service Table:
Draft Tube Description:
Revolving Machinery:
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls: Balls
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube: 27' 12" x 10 - 3/8"
Clock Weight: 30
Length of Winding Time: 4 hours
Drive During Rewind: Yes
Machinery Protection: Glass case
Regulated: Fan Governor
Lens Protection: Cloth
How Color is Produced:
Red Sectors Description:
Where Color Attached:
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: Type A I.O.V. (one complete spare lamp at station)
Type of Illuminant: Oil
Number of Spare Lamps: 1
Number of Spare Burners:
Candle Power:

Clock Cord Description
Revolving Cord: Steel cable
Size of Clock Cord: 3/16
Length of Clock Cord: 75'
How Led: Over 2 pulleys down tower
Diameter and Length of Clock Drum: 4-1/2" x 4-3/4

Chariot Balls
Balls Description: Ball race, rounded grooves
Cage to Separate Balls: False
Number of Balls: 12
Diameter of Balls: 1"

Vapor Oil Lamp
Number of Wicks or Mantels: 1
Diameter of Outside Wick:
Diameter of Mantel: 55 mm
Diameter of Circum Circle:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: One store room outside and one under dwelling
Oil House Description: Brick, metal roof, 18 ft. from tower.
Oil House Inside Dimension: 11' 2" x 9' 2" x 8' 9"
Oil House Construction Material: Brick
Oil House Capacity: 700
Other (Describe):
Suitability: Dry and suited to purpose
Location: 20 ft. (S.S.E.)
Coloring: White - Grey trimmings - green blinds
Construction Materials: Wood
Number of Rooms: 6 rooms - 1 bath
Number of Dwellings:
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers: 1 Keeper. 1 Assistant
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouses: One old stable
Outhouse Coloring: White
Paths and Walks: Concrete
Area Inclosed:
Area of Garden:
Area Timber or Shrubbery:
Cultivation Area Available: 1/2 acre
Area Cultivated: 1/2 acre
Character of Surroundings: Shifting sand, scrub growth & marsh
Stove, Maker: Miller Gem No. 950
Stove, Size: 3' x 2'-4". 6 hole
Sink, Maker: Standard
Sink, Size: 25" x 16"
Pump, Maker: Cuyler & Mahler, Baltimore MD
Pump, Size: 1-1/2"
Lamps: 3-Funk 4th order, 1- E. Mille & Co.
How Procured: 109 ft. rock well
Quality: Good
Quantity: Ample
Injury Possible: No
Purity Precaution: One, used only for washing water. Cleaned once a year. Oil on top.
Tank Capacity: 20,000 gal. Under dwelling
Tank Material: Brick
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description: 109 ft. rock well
Well Diameter: 4" pipe
Well Lining: Lined
Pump or Bucket: Pump 3H.P. Type Z No.212709 Fairbanks Morse
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling: 300 ft.
General Opinion: Good - small amount of malaria
Diseases: Malaria
Prevalency: July and August
Local Causes: Yes
Recommended Improvements: No
Access to Lighthouse: No landing or boathouse at station. Boats kept in Old Town Creek about 3 miles from station
Distance and Direction:
Miscellaneous Remarks: Forwarded to the Bureau of Lighthouses after having been verified as to descrepancies between this description and older ones.
Boat #1
Boat Number: 8
Type: Motor Boat
Length: 7'
Width: 18'
When Built: 1895
Date Harbored at Station: March 1913
Sails: False
Suited to Work: Yes
Boat #2
Boat Number: 21
Type: Bateau
Length: 3'
Width: 12'
When Built: 1910
Date Harbored at Station: 1913
Sails: False
Suited to Work: Yes

Power Boat
Engine Type: Lathrop 2cyc. 1cyl.
Horsepower: 5
Engine Maker: Lathrop
Spare Coil: None
Magnet: H. Cabot
Battery: 8 No. 6 Dry cells
Propeller Diameter: 13
Propeller Pitch: 13

General Information:
Boats on Station: In Old Town Creek, 3 miles from station