Report for Ship John Shoal (New Jersey) - 1910

District: 4th
Inspector: Thos. J Rout, Jr. Supt.
Location: In 8' water on Ship John Shoal, NJ E'ly side of main channel in upper part of Delaware Bay
Date of Report: 03/24/1910
Latitude: 39° 18' 19"
Longitude: 75° 22' 37"
Site: On Ship John Shoal Delaware Bay
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed: 08/17/1874
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: 4 9/10 acres
Area Inclosed:
Character of Soil:
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark:
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence:
Wharf or Landing on Premises: Lighthouse is provided with ladders by means of which landing can be made from small boat.
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance: None
Means to Reach Light Station: By boat & vessel
Distance to Nearest Road: Nearest public road 3.5 miles - nearest RR 8.5 miles.
Distance to Post Office: About 8.5 miles by boat
Distance to Village: About 8.5 miles, Greenwich, NJ by boat
Facilities for Public Conveyance: None
Facilities for Private Conveyance: Launches can sometimes be hired in Greenwich - distance 8.5 miles
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Lantern is supported on top of lighthouse
Number of Separate Lights: One
First Built or Established: 1877
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated:
Condition at This Date: Good
Shape of Tower in Plan: No tower - watchroom is polygonal
Form of Tower: Watchroom is polygonal
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball: 43'
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 50'
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Distant trees & sky
Color of Tower: Brown with black lantern
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Paint
Tower Connection: Lantern is on dwelling
Object of Navigation: Bay for general navigating purposes
Building Materials: Iron - wood lined inside
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base: About 6"
Wall Thickness at Parapet: About 6"
Diameter at Base: No tower
Diameter at Parapet: No tower
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Wooden
Number of Landings: None but the floors
Size of Glass: Windows in watchroom have 18.5" dia glass
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: 4 windows in WR Sash dia 22"
Number of Doors: 10
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface: Cast iron caisson, which rests on piles protected by riprap (penetration of piles not known)
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse: Located in Del. Bay
Soil Susceptibility:
Miscellaneous Remarks: In 1907 about 900 additional tons of riprap was deposited about the lighthouse.
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 4th
Shape of Lantern: Polygonal
Diameter to Glass: 7' 2"
Diameter in the Clear: 6' 8"
Number of Sides: 8
Type of Bars: Vertical
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 3' 2 3/4"
Number of Plates in Height: One
Number of Plates Each Side: One
Thickness of Plates: About 1/4"
Size of Plates: 2' 11" x 3' 3 3/8"
Number of Storm Panes: 2
Unglazed Side of Lantern: None
What Bearings:
Construction Material Lantern: Iron
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Copper
Ventilator / Cowl: Copper
Lightning Spindle: Brass
Description of Lightning Rod: No conductor except the lighthouse & foundation which are iron
Balustrade: Post & railings of wrought iron (no balusters), deck cast iron
Lantern Doors: A single swinging door - fastened with horizontal latch provided with knobs.
Floor of Lantern: Cast iron
Watchroom Doors: Metal trap door in lantern floor provided with iron hinges & 2 handles.
Parapet Diameter: 6' 7.5"
Location / Number: 4 ventilators in lower wall of lantern
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: None
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: 8 brass hooks are tapped into lantern

How is Watchroom Fitted: No closet - it has a ladder leading up to lantern, & 3 shelves. It accommodates the fog signal apparatus.
How is Relief Called: None
Where is Call System Led:
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus: 5 hours
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker: Not known
Year Made: Not known
Marks and Number: None
Order of Apparatus: 4th
Inside Diameter: 19.5"
Light Characteristic: Fixed white 10 sec, eclipse 5 sec, to W'd of 324 degrees 30' true (NNW 9/16 W mag) & 138 degrees 00' true (SE 1/8 S mag) fixed red 10 sec, eclipse 5 sec, throughout remaining sectors
Time of Revolution: Not revolving
Flash Interval: Intervals between eclipses 10 sec
Duration of Flash: Duration of eclipse 5 sec
Arc of Each Fixed Part: 360 degrees
Number of Panels: 4
Number of Flash Panels: None
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum: 5
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: 5
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: 3
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced: By cylindrical shade or sleeve lifted & dropped around the chimney by clockwork.
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: Cast iron - 3' 2.5" high - resting on a wooden block - 4.5" high. From floor to top of pedestal 3' 7".
Service Table: Cast iron fan shaped - attached to pedestal - supports the clock - 39 1/4" above floor.
Draft Tube Description: None
Revolving Machinery: Occulting machinery consists of weight actuated clock
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube: 15' weight stops on 2nd floor
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time: 5 hours
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection: By glass case
Regulated: By vertical 2fan governor attached to clock work
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced: Ruby glass
Red Sectors Description: Red sector to E'd of 324 degrees 30' true (NNW 9/16 W mag) & 138 degrees 00' true (SE 1/8 S mag)
Where Color Attached: To lantern by means of frames against the posts
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: 4th orrder Funck, Heap lamp, 1 round wick
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: 1
Number of Spare Burners: None
Candle Power:

Clock Cord Description
Revolving Cord:
Size of Clock Cord:
Length of Clock Cord:
How Led: Cord extends down from clock to WR ceiling, thence down weight box in center of room.
Diameter and Length of Clock Drum:

Vapor Oil Lamp
Number of Wicks or Mantels: 1 round wick
Diameter of Outside Wick: 1.5" outside
Diameter of Mantel:
Diameter of Circum Circle:

Occulting Light
Characteristic: Fixed white 10 sec, eclipse 5 sec, to W'd of 324 degrees 30' true (NNW 9/16 W mag) & 138 degrees 00' true (SE 1/8 S mag) fixed red 10 sec, eclipse 5 sec, throughout remaining sectors
Time Limit: About a variation of 1/2 sec in either direction
Eclipse Type: Sleeve
Size and Amplitude: 3.5" in diameter x 6 3/4" high - movement 6"
Axis Rotation:
Axis Relation:
Screen Revolution:
Screen Number:
Screen Time:
Screen Form:
Screen Mounting:
Screen Order:
Screen Date:
Valve Maker:
Valve Pattern:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: No tower, but there are 3 shelves in watchroom
Oil House Description: No oil room - oil is stored in basement
Oil House Inside Dimension: No oil room
Oil House Construction Material: No oil room
Oil House Capacity: About 300 gal could be stored in basement
Other (Describe): Pantry on 1st floor. It has 1 shelf, 1 cupboard & is used for storage of food. 2 closets on 2nd floor provided with shelves - both used for clothes. Basement used for storage purposes.
Suitability: All dry & suitable
Fog Signal General
Fog Signal Kind: Bell struck by machinery, triple blow every 45 seconds.
Time to Start: 2 to 3 minutes
How Long Will Pressure Last: Bell used
Manufacturer: Machinery - Geo. M. Stevens - Boston Mass.
Year of Manufacture: Not known
Characteristic: Bell struck by machinery, triple blow every 45 seconds.
Duplication: None
Timing Device:
If whistle, siren, or trumpet, Pressure at Which Blown:
Height Above Water:
Compass Direction:
Location: Fog bell is supported on roof of lighthouse just outside of watchroom
Distance and Direction:
Water Supply:
Reached from Lighthouse:
Description of Fog Signal Building:
Pressure And Recording Gauge:
Bell Signal
Weight: About 1,200 lbs
Metal: Bell metal
Diameter: 32"
Height: 29"
Time: 1.5 hours
Manufacturer: McNeely Bell Foundry - West Trop NY, 1876
Weights for Operation:
Location: Lantern is on dwelling forming a lighthouse
Coloring: Brown with black lantern
Construction Materials: Cast iron - wood lined inside
Number of Rooms: 4 & watchroom
Number of Dwellings:
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers: 3
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouses: Wood privy
Outhouse Coloring: Brown
Paths and Walks:
Area Inclosed:
Area of Garden:
Area Timber or Shrubbery:
Cultivation Area Available:
Area Cultivated:
Character of Surroundings:
Stove, Maker:
Stove, Size:
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size:
Pump, Maker:
Pump, Size:
How Procured: From roof by means of downspouts leading to 2 tanks in basement
Quality: Good if properly cared for
Quantity: Ample
Injury Possible: No
Purity Precaution: Downspouts have been provided with cutoffs
Tank Capacity: 2 tanks in basement - cap of both about 1300 gals
Tank Material: Tanks of iron - no cisterns
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description:
Well Diameter:
Well Lining:
Pump or Bucket:
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling:
General Opinion: Healthful
Diseases: None
Local Causes:
Recommended Improvements:
Access to Lighthouse: Lighthouse provided with ladders by means of which landing can be made from small boats.
Distance and Direction:
Miscellaneous Remarks: General character & condition of station is good.