Report for Seven Foot Knoll (Maryland) - 1870

District: 5th
Inspector: Commo. T. A. Dornin, Inspector 5th District.
Location: Chesapeake Bay
Date of Report: 09/03/1870
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed:
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site:
Area Inclosed:
Character of Soil:
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark:
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence:
Wharf or Landing on Premises:
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance:
Means to Reach Light Station:
Distance to Nearest Road:
Distance to Post Office:
Distance to Village:
Facilities for Public Conveyance:
Facilities for Private Conveyance:
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Screwpile
Number of Separate Lights: 1
First Built or Established:
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated:
Condition at This Date:
Shape of Tower in Plan:
Form of Tower:
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball:
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water:
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea:
Color of Tower:
Color of Tower/ How Produced:
Tower Connection:
Object of Navigation:
Building Materials:
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base:
Wall Thickness at Parapet:
Diameter at Base:
Diameter at Parapet:
Kind of Stairway and Steps:
Number of Landings:
Size of Glass:
Number of Windows and Size of Sash:
Number of Doors:
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface:
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse:
Soil Susceptibility:
Miscellaneous Remarks: There is a Regulation Clock in good condition, & kept in sitting room.
Location / Number:
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: 1 ladder for outside use with 1 hook broken off.
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: There is none required.

How is Watchroom Fitted:
How is Relief Called: There is none required.
Where is Call System Led:
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus:
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker:
Year Made:
Marks and Number:
Order of Apparatus: 4th
Inside Diameter:
Light Characteristic: Fixed white
Time of Revolution:
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part:
Number of Panels:
Number of Flash Panels:
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum:
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum:
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum:
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Service Table:
Draft Tube Description:
Revolving Machinery:
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube:
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time:
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection:
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced:
Red Sectors Description:
Where Color Attached:
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: Lens, 4th order, Franklin lamps
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: There is 1 in good condition.
Number of Spare Burners: There are 2 spare burners in good condition.
Candle Power:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use:
Oil House Description:
Oil House Inside Dimension:
Oil House Construction Material:
Oil House Capacity:
Other (Describe): There is a closet provided for the preservation of utensils, wicks, chimneys and cleaning materials. Paints, oils, spirits of turpentine, paint-brushes, etc. are kept in the oil room.
Fog Signal General
Fog Signal Kind: Fog bell worked by machinery.
Time to Start:
How Long Will Pressure Last:
Year of Manufacture:
Timing Device:
If whistle, siren, or trumpet, Pressure at Which Blown:
Height Above Water:
Compass Direction:
Distance and Direction:
Water Supply:
Reached from Lighthouse:
Description of Fog Signal Building:
Pressure And Recording Gauge:
Access to Lighthouse:
Distance and Direction:
Miscellaneous Remarks: Casing of one of the piles has been broken by the ice. I deem it advisable to have a door cut in the Lantern room.
Boat #1
Boat Number: 0
Length: 4' 6"
Width: 18'
When Built:
Date Harbored at Station:
Sails: False
Suited to Work: Boat in bad condition, timbers decayed & otherwise old. Req'd a new boat.
Boat #2
Boat Number: 0
Length: 4' 6"
Width: 18'
When Built:
Date Harbored at Station:
Sails: False
Suited to Work: Good condition.
Lantern: In good order
Illuminating Apparatus: The lens was in good condition in all respects.
Service Lamp: In good condition, glass chimney was free from soot & smoke.
Oil: Sample examined & found to be free from all objectionable matter. It had not been filtered.
Service Lamp Burner: It is free from all gummy & burnt oil, clean & the wick is well trimmed.
Service Lamp Burner Level: It was found to be level.
Plate Glass: 3 panes very much damaged by scratches & 2 cracked but serviceable.
Lens Cover: Lens cover is on; clean, made of linen ticking & kept in lantern room when not in use.
Lantern Curtains: 2 sets in good condition, made of linen ticking taken down & put up at the proper times.
Carillon or Alarm Bell: There is none required.
Rod Lamp: Rod lamp in good condition & clean.
Dwelling: Dwelling is in good condition.
Stairway and Landing: Painted & clean.
Inside of Tower: Very good.
Glazing of Dwelling: Very good.
Improvements Needed: There is a door required to be cut in the Lantern Room.

Equipment Care
Does Keeper Understand the Use and Care of
Lens: Lens is never touched improperly.
Lantern and Trap Doors: Trap door fits properly. There is no door in the Lantern room.
Watch or Trimming Room: There are none of the above articles seen at time of Inspection.
Lucernes or Matches: There were none of these things to be seen in the Rooms mentioned.
Heater: Keeper understands use of heater.
Ventilation: Keeper understands use of ventilators & how to air bldg.
Dome: They are painted according to Instructions. Conductor was in good condition.

Oil Room
Oil Room Condition: In good condition, no appearance of waste.
Oil Carriers: They are in good condition & arranged in order for use.
Number of 100 Gallon Oil Butts:
Number of 50 Gallon Oil Butts: 3
Number of Small Butts for Waste Oil:
Number of Dripping Buckets: 3
Number of Oil Tanks: 3 holding 150 gallons.
Oil Butts Made According to Regulation: They are so made.
Oil Butt Covers: Gutters were filled w/ refuse oil, covers on. Keeper understands use of covers & air cocks.
Drip Bucket Placement: There was one so hung.
Oil Butt Platform: They are placed upon a raised platform of plank.
Empty Oil Butts: There was one empty oil butt clean & ready for use.

Tool Chests and Presses
Cleaning Materials Put Away: They are so put up & packed.
Paints Separate: They are kept separate.
Tool Chest: There is one
Tool Condition: There are a few tools in poor condition.
Tools Free from Rust: They are clean & free from rust.
Closets Clean: They are clean & properly aired.
Service Box In Good Order: They are in good condition & well arranged.
Trimming Scissors Clean: They are.
Brushes and Floor Clothes: They are in good condition & in proper order.
Lantern Condition: Very good.

Keeper and Assistants
Keeper Appearance: Keeper is neat & tidy
Keeper Interested in Duties: He does
Keeper Capacity for Duties: He appears to understand the duties devolved upon him & to wish to gain all information.
Keeper Understanding of Regulations: He does
Keeper Complaints: He did
Keeper Family: Keeper's family occupy dwelling w/ him.
Keeper Name: Edmund B. Lucas
Keeper Age: Young
Keeper Present or Absent: Keeper was present
Number of Assistants: There are 2 assistants at this station
Assistants Attend to Duty: They do not.
Assistants Capability: They are capable.
Assistants Complaints: They were absent.
Assistants Family: Assistants have no families.
Assistant Keeper Names: John W. Rokess, young.; William Brewer, young. Both assistants were absent for provisions.
Did Principal and Assistant Keepers Accompany the Inspector?: The Keeper attended me throughout the Inspection.

Account and Regulations Books
Account Books
Daily Expenditures Posted: They are
Quarterly Returns on Hand: They are
Receipt and Expenditure Accounts Kept: They are
Shipwreck and Vessels Passed Book: They are properly kept
Regulations, Instructions, and Directions
Rules and Regulations Copies: 1
Instructions and Directions Copies: 1
Placard Directions Copies: 1
Notice to Visitors Copies: 1
Summary of Duties: 1
Index of Instructions: 1
Guide for Mixed Paints: 1
Directions for Purifying Water: 1
Placards Easily Visible: They are
Books Easily Accessible: They are
Blank Books and Forms: