Report for Seven Foot Knoll (Maryland) - 1867

District: 5th
Inspector: J.M. Berrien, Inspector 5th Dist.
Location: Chesapeake Bay
Date of Report: 09/14/1867
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed:
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site:
Area Inclosed:
Character of Soil:
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark:
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence:
Wharf or Landing on Premises:
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance:
Means to Reach Light Station:
Distance to Nearest Road:
Distance to Post Office:
Distance to Village:
Facilities for Public Conveyance:
Facilities for Private Conveyance:
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Screwpile
Number of Separate Lights: 1
First Built or Established:
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated:
Condition at This Date:
Shape of Tower in Plan:
Form of Tower:
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball:
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water:
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea:
Color of Tower:
Color of Tower/ How Produced:
Tower Connection:
Object of Navigation:
Building Materials:
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base:
Wall Thickness at Parapet:
Diameter at Base:
Diameter at Parapet:
Kind of Stairway and Steps:
Number of Landings:
Size of Glass:
Number of Windows and Size of Sash:
Number of Doors:
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface:
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse:
Soil Susceptibility:
Miscellaneous Remarks: Clock kept in sitting room & is in good condition.
Location / Number:
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: There are no ladders
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: No

How is Watchroom Fitted:
How is Relief Called: There was no bell by which to call the relief.
Where is Call System Led:
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus:
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker:
Year Made:
Marks and Number:
Order of Apparatus: 4th
Inside Diameter:
Light Characteristic: Fixed white
Time of Revolution:
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part:
Number of Panels:
Number of Flash Panels:
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum:
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum:
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum:
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Service Table:
Draft Tube Description:
Revolving Machinery:
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube:
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time:
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection:
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced:
Red Sectors Description:
Where Color Attached:
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: Lens of the 4th order - Franklin lamp.
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: 1, in good condition
Number of Spare Burners: 1, in good condition
Candle Power:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use:
Oil House Description:
Oil House Inside Dimension:
Oil House Construction Material:
Oil House Capacity:
Other (Describe): There is a closet provided for the preservation of utensils, wicks, chimneys and cleaning materials. Paints, oils, spirits of turpentine, paint-brushes, etc. are kept in the oil room.
Fog Signal General
Fog Signal Kind: There is a bell struck by machinery. All in good order.
Time to Start:
How Long Will Pressure Last:
Year of Manufacture:
Timing Device:
If whistle, siren, or trumpet, Pressure at Which Blown:
Height Above Water:
Compass Direction:
Distance and Direction:
Water Supply:
Reached from Lighthouse:
Description of Fog Signal Building:
Pressure And Recording Gauge:
Boat #1
Boat Number: 0
Length: 5' 4"
Width: 17'
When Built:
Date Harbored at Station:
Sails: False
Suited to Work: Good condition
Boat #2
Boat Number: 0
Type: Metallic
Length: 5'
Width: 18'
When Built:
Date Harbored at Station:
Sails: False
Suited to Work: Good condition
Lantern: In good condition.
Illuminating Apparatus: Lens was perfectly clean & appeared to receive great care.
Service Lamp: In good condition, glass chimney free from soot & smoke.
Oil: The oil was clear & free from all objectionable matter.
Service Lamp Burner: Free from gummy or burnt oil, clean & wick trimmed well.
Service Lamp Burner Level: Burner was found to be level.
Plate Glass: Very clean; there was one plate cracked.
Lens Cover: It was on; was clean, made of white sheeting; & kept in lantern room when not in use.
Lantern Curtains: None
Carillon or Alarm Bell: There was no alarm bell.
Rod Lamp: There was a rod lamp; but the assistant keeper stated that they preferred using a different kind of lamp in case of accident to the light.
Dwelling: Very good.
Stairway and Landing: Quite clean.
Inside of Tower:
Glazing of Dwelling: Very good
Improvements Needed: None

Equipment Care
Does Keeper Understand the Use and Care of
Lens: It is not allowed to touch the lens improperly.
Lantern and Trap Doors: These doors fit tightly.
Watch or Trimming Room: None to be seen during the inspection.
Lucernes or Matches: There were some matches found in the lantern room. Attention was called to the impropriety.
Heater: There is no heater.
Ventilation: It is understood at the lighthouse, how to ventilate & how to air the bldg.
Dome: They were so painted. There was no lightning conductor.

Oil Room
Oil Room Condition: In good condition, well ventilated, no waste of oil.
Oil Carriers: In good condition & arranged in order for use.
Number of 100 Gallon Oil Butts:
Number of 50 Gallon Oil Butts: 3
Number of Small Butts for Waste Oil:
Number of Dripping Buckets: 3
Number of Oil Tanks: 3 holding 150 gallons.
Oil Butts Made According to Regulation: They are so made.
Oil Butt Covers: The gutters were not filled; instructed the assistant in regard to the necessity of filling them & as to the cocks.
Drip Bucket Placement: Yes
Oil Butt Platform: They are placed upon a raised platform.
Empty Oil Butts: There were no empty oil butts.

Tool Chests and Presses
Cleaning Materials Put Away: Yes
Paints Separate: Yes
Tool Chest: Yes
Tool Condition: They are in bad condition & not well arranged in the chest.
Tools Free from Rust: Rusty & wanted greasing - assistant's attention was called to the matter.
Closets Clean: All appear to have received proper attention.
Service Box In Good Order: Yes
Trimming Scissors Clean: Yes
Brushes and Floor Clothes: Yes
Lantern Condition: Good

Keeper and Assistants
Keeper Appearance: Keeper absent.
Keeper Interested in Duties: Keeper absent
Keeper Capacity for Duties: Keeper absent
Keeper Understanding of Regulations: Keeper absent
Keeper Complaints: Keeper absent
Keeper Family: Keeper has no family
Keeper Name: James H. Wills
Keeper Age: Young
Keeper Present or Absent:
Number of Assistants: 2
Assistants Attend to Duty:
Assistants Capability:
Assistants Complaints: No
Assistants Family:
Assistant Keeper Names: Ben Ferguson, aged; Barney Conley, young.
Did Principal and Assistant Keepers Accompany the Inspector?: The principal keeper was absent. The 2 assistants accompanied me through the inspection.

Account and Regulations Books
Account Books
Daily Expenditures Posted: Yes
Quarterly Returns on Hand: Yes
Receipt and Expenditure Accounts Kept: Yes
Shipwreck and Vessels Passed Book: Yes
Regulations, Instructions, and Directions
Rules and Regulations Copies: 1
Instructions and Directions Copies: 1
Placard Directions Copies: 1
Notice to Visitors Copies: 1
Summary of Duties: 1
Index of Instructions: 1
Guide for Mixed Paints: 1
Directions for Purifying Water: 1
Placards Easily Visible: Yes
Books Easily Accessible: Yes
Blank Books and Forms: