Report for Scotch Cap (Alaska) - 1914

District: 16th
Inspector: Compiled from various sources
Location: On SW end of Unimak Island, E'ly side of Unimak Pass
Date of Report: 01/19/1914
Latitude: 54° 23' 47"
Longitude: 164° 44' 45"
Site: Public land set aside by Executive Order
Date of Reservation: 08/29/1901
Date of Deed:
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: 4264 acres
Area Inclosed: None
Character of Soil:
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark: 100'
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence:
Wharf or Landing on Premises:
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance:
Means to Reach Light Station: By boat about 75 miles from Unalaska (Dutch Harbor)
Distance to Nearest Road:
Distance to Post Office:
Distance to Village:
Facilities for Public Conveyance:
Facilities for Private Conveyance:
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Octagonal tower rising from center of 1-story frame bldg.
Number of Separate Lights: 1
First Built or Established: 1903
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated:
Condition at This Date:
Shape of Tower in Plan:
Form of Tower:
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball:
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 90'
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Dark (tundra)
Color of Tower: White
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Paint
Tower Connection: Detached
Object of Navigation: For general navigation from Pacific Ocean thru Unimak Pass to Bering Sea.
Building Materials: Wood, shingled
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base:
Wall Thickness at Parapet:
Diameter at Base:
Diameter at Parapet:
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Wood, circular
Number of Landings:
Size of Glass: 10" x 18", 21 oz.
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: 4; 2' x 3' 6"
Number of Doors: 2; 2' 8" x 6' 8"; 2' 2" x 6'
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface:
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse:
Soil Susceptibility:
Miscellaneous Remarks:
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 3rd
Shape of Lantern: Cylindrical
Diameter to Glass: 8' 7.132"
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides:
Type of Bars: Helical
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 6' 1 1/4"
Number of Plates in Height: 2
Number of Plates Each Side:
Thickness of Plates: 1/4"
Size of Plates: 2' 1.081" x 2' 1.081" (std. 3rd or. helical)
Number of Storm Panes:
Unglazed Side of Lantern: None
What Bearings:
Construction Material Lantern: Cast iron, brass, bronze & glass
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Conical; cast iron
Ventilator / Cowl: Cast iron; 21.5" dia.
Lightning Spindle: Brass with platinum point; 2' 7/8" long
Description of Lightning Rod:
Balustrade: Wood; 2' 10" high
Lantern Doors: 1, curved, hinged; cast iron, brass, glass
Floor of Lantern: T&G wood, 7/8" x 4", double; g.i. nails.
Watchroom Doors: None
Parapet Diameter:
Location / Number: In parapet lantern
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: 1, 12' iron, movable
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: Spring rollers, with brass brackets.

How is Watchroom Fitted: Not fitted
How is Relief Called: Telephones
Where is Call System Led: From station (tower) to dwellings of keeper & asst. keepers.
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus:
Intensity in Candles: 2300
Name of Maker:
Year Made:
Marks and Number:
Order of Apparatus: 3rd
Inside Diameter: 39.37"
Light Characteristic:
Time of Revolution:
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part: Fixed
Number of Panels: 5, 1 of which is a reflector
Number of Flash Panels: None
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum: 13
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: 11, fixed
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: 4, fixed
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: Cast iron; 2nd order
Service Table:
Draft Tube Description:
Revolving Machinery:
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube:
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time:
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection:
Lens Protection: 2 pcs linen curtain.
How Color is Produced:
Red Sectors Description:
Where Color Attached:
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: 2nd order
Type of Illuminant: Oil
Number of Spare Lamps: 1
Number of Spare Burners: 2
Candle Power: 120

Vapor Oil Lamp
Number of Wicks or Mantels: 3 wicks
Diameter of Outside Wick: 2 17/32"
Diameter of Mantel:
Diameter of Circum Circle:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: 2 lockers used for storing chimneys & spare parts of lamps & lens curtains, towels, linen, etc.
Oil House Description: 2 houses, 115' & 145' from tower
Oil House Inside Dimension: 7.5' x 11'
Oil House Construction Material: Wood & corr. iron
Oil House Capacity: 980 5-gal cans each
Other (Describe): 2 closets in vestibule; 2 lockers in tower; locker under sink.
Suitability: Suited.
Fog Signal General
Fog Signal Kind: 10" whistle; compressed air
Time to Start: 22 min
How Long Will Pressure Last: 8 min
Year of Manufacture:
Characteristic: 5 sec blast, 55 sec silent
Duplication: 3 engines, 3 air compressors, 2 air tanks, 2 timing devices, 2 whistles. 2 engines & 2 compressors are req'd to operate 1 whistle.
Timing Device: Crosby; automatic tripping gear
If whistle, siren, or trumpet, Pressure at Which Blown: 60 lbs
Height Above Water: 75'
Compass Direction:
Location: In same bldg as light
Distance and Direction:
Water Supply: Unlimited; piped from spring on hill to cistern above lvl of bldgs; 40 lbs pressure.
Reached from Lighthouse:
Description of Fog Signal Building: 1 story octagonal frame bldg.
Pressure And Recording Gauge: 2; Crosby Steam Gauge Co.
Internal Combustion Signal
Fog Signal Kind:
Internal Combustion Kind: Hornsby-Ackroyd, oil
Internal Combustion Manufacturer: DeLaVergne Refrigerating Mach. Co. E eng #2820; W eng. #2821; NW eng. #2830
Internal Combustion Date: 1901
Internal Combustion Size: 11" x 15"
Internal Combustion Horsepower: 13
Internal Combustion Fuel: Oil
Internal Combustion Starter: Torch
Compressor Maker: Ingersoll-Sargeant Air Compressor Co., E comp. #2726; W comp. # 2821; NW comp #2830
Compressor Seat: Same bed; geared
Compressor Machinery:
Compressor Diameter: 8"
Compressor Stroke: 8"
Compressor RPMs:
Character of Air Inlet:
Kind of Unloader:
Diameter of Delivery Pipe:

Whistle Signal
Whistle Diameter: 10"
Whistle Height: 30"
Whistle Orifice: 2 3/8"
Whistle Tone: Single
Whistle Chime:

Air Receiver
Number: 2
Diameter: 3'
Height: Length 20'
Capacity Cubic Feet: 141
Pressure in Each: 60#
Make of Reducing Valve: Non
Location: 3 dwellings, only 1 occupied. Cntrl bldg about 300' NE
Coloring: White, lead trimming
Construction Materials: Concrete basement, frame house.
Number of Rooms: Kitchen, dining room, sitting room, 3 bedrooms, fuel room
Number of Dwellings:
Heating Plant: "Perfect" hot water heater #202; 8 radiators
Number of Keepers: At present, all 3 in 1 dwelling.
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouses: 1 barn
Outhouse Coloring: White, lead trimming
Paths and Walks: Concrete walk connecting tower & dwellings.
Area Inclosed:
Area of Garden:
Area Timber or Shrubbery:
Cultivation Area Available: None
Area Cultivated: None
Character of Surroundings: Tundra
Stove, Maker: Majestic (2), Superior (1)
Stove, Size: 6 lid (3)
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size: 18" x 28" (3)
Pump, Maker:
Pump, Size:
Lamps: 3 table lamps, 4 hand lamps.
How Procured: From spring
Quality: Excellent
Quantity: Unlimited
Injury Possible: No
Purity Precaution:
Tank Capacity: 11,600 gal on hill; 2600 gal under fog signal bldg.
Tank Material: Concrete
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description:
Well Diameter:
Well Lining:
Pump or Bucket:
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling:
General Opinion: Excellent
Diseases: Insanity
Prevalency: No
Local Causes: No
Recommended Improvements: No
Boat #1
Boat Number: 33
Type: Dinghy
Length: 4' 9"
Width: 18'
When Built:
Date Harbored at Station: 1902
Sails: True
Suited to Work: No
Boat #2
Boat Number: 34
Type: Dinghy
Length: 6' 3"
Width: 18'
When Built:
Date Harbored at Station: 1902
Sails: False
Suited to Work: Yes
Boat #3
Boat Number: 35
Type: Skiff
Length: 4'
Width: 14' 2"
When Built:
Date Harbored at Station: 1910
Sails: False
Suited to Work: Yes

Hoisting Engines
Hoisting Engine Kind: M&W 4 HP, not in use
Engine RPMs:
Engine Diameter:
Engine Stroke:
Engine Boiler:
Engine Maker and Date: August Mietz
Serial Number:
Cylinders and Size:
Hoist Starter:
Hoist Miscellaneous:

General Information:
Boats on Station: In boathouse