Report for Sanibel Island (Florida) - 1912

District: 7th
Inspector: Wm. W. Demeritt, Supt.
Location: On Point Ybel, E'ly end of Sanibel Island
Date of Report: 05/17/1912
Latitude: 26° 27' 11"
Longitude: 80° 00' 53"
Site: Public lands with drains from sale or entry & reserved for Lighthouse purposes by Executive Order Dec. 19, 1883
Date of Reservation: 12/21/1883
Date of Deed:
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: 666 9/10 acre
Area Inclosed: 190' x 149' 8"
Character of Soil:
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark: 400' S, 450' N
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence: Was enclosed with wire fence, is now down.
Wharf or Landing on Premises: 1 wharf & 2 boathouses
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance:
Means to Reach Light Station: By steamer from Key West; by ACI RR to Fort Meyers & steamer from there to Sanibel.
Distance to Nearest Road:
Distance to Post Office: Sanibel PO 3 miles, Ft. Meyers 20 miles by boat
Distance to Village:
Facilities for Public Conveyance:
Facilities for Private Conveyance:
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Pyramidal tower of round iron columns & braces
Number of Separate Lights: 1
First Built or Established: 1884 established
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated: December, 1911
Condition at This Date:
Shape of Tower in Plan:
Form of Tower:
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball:
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 98'
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Small mangrove, Button woods & Palmetto
Color of Tower: Brown, black lantern
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Paint
Tower Connection: Connected by wooden stairways leading from each dwelling to platform on 2nd tier of braces.
Object of Navigation: Seacoast, general navigation.
Building Materials: Iron
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base:
Wall Thickness at Parapet:
Diameter at Base:
Diameter at Parapet:
Kind of Stairway and Steps: From dwelling to tower wood, in tower cast iron
Number of Landings:
Size of Glass: 9" x 12"
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: 3 windows, 1' 9 3/4" x 3' 4" each 6 lights.
Number of Doors: 3 doors; entrance to tower double iron 6' 9" x 2' 6 3/4"; watchroom door 6' 4 3/4" x 27"; inner wooden door 25.5" x 7"
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface:
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse:
Soil Susceptibility:
Miscellaneous Remarks: Next time it is necessary to rebuild the wharf, reinforced concrete should be used, at which time concrete walks, fence, etc should be made.
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 3rd
Shape of Lantern: Polygonal
Diameter to Glass:
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides: 10
Type of Bars: Vertical
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 5' 11 1/4"
Number of Plates in Height: One
Number of Plates Each Side: One
Thickness of Plates: 1/4"
Size of Plates: 31 1/4" x 71 3/4"
Number of Storm Panes:
Unglazed Side of Lantern: None
What Bearings:
Construction Material Lantern: Iron
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Copper
Ventilator / Cowl: Brass
Lightning Spindle: Fastened in top of ball.
Description of Lightning Rod:
Balustrade: Yes, floor cast iron, Balustrades wrought iron.
Lantern Doors: Double, brass fitted with gudgeons & pintles.
Floor of Lantern: Cast iron
Watchroom Doors: No door, circular cast iron stairway.
Parapet Diameter:
Location / Number: Lower part of lantern
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: None
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: Copper wire secured to top of lantern with screws.

How is Watchroom Fitted: Circular room 9' 5" dia., 7' 6" high, fitted with clockwork case & stand, pedestal column & ball bearings, spiral cast iron ladder leading up to lantern, has 1 locker for spare parts, etc.
How is Relief Called: None
Where is Call System Led:
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus: Can run 12 hours, usually every 4 hours
Intensity in Candles: Fixed 18,000; Flash, 180,000
Name of Maker: Henry LePaute, Paris
Year Made: 1884
Marks and Number: None - originally intended for Anclote Key
Order of Apparatus: 3rd
Inside Diameter: 3' 3.5"
Light Characteristic:
Time of Revolution: 6 minutes, 2 minutes to flash
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part: 360 degrees
Number of Panels: 4 + door in 2 parts
Number of Flash Panels: 3
Arc of Each: 45 degrees
Number of Elements in Central Drum: 1 central belt, 6 above & 6 below
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: 11
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: 4
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced: 3 vertical panels in 3 sections.
Number of Vertical Elements Panel: 7 in top, 7 in center & 7 in bottom
Fixed Lens Covered: 24
Pedestal: Cast iron column, mounted on iron base block.
Service Table:
Draft Tube Description: 5" galvanized iron pipe from damper tube up through umbrella about 5" & fitted with a hood.
Revolving Machinery:
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls: Balls
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube: Newel post 65'
Clock Weight: 115 lbs
Length of Winding Time: Can run 12 hours, usually every 4 hours
Drive During Rewind: No
Machinery Protection: Brass case with glass doors
Regulated: By governor & weights
Lens Protection: Linen lens cover
How Color is Produced:
Red Sectors Description:
Where Color Attached:
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: Substitute - 2nd order air pressure
Type of Illuminant: Oil
Number of Spare Lamps: 1 air pressure & 1 IOV
Number of Spare Burners: 2
Candle Power:

Clock Cord Description
Revolving Cord: Flexible steel wire
Size of Clock Cord: 3/16"
Length of Clock Cord: 75'
How Led: Angle 150 degrees into newel post
Diameter and Length of Clock Drum: 5" x 6 1/4"

Chariot Balls
Balls Description: V grooves
Cage to Separate Balls: False
Number of Balls: 36
Diameter of Balls: 1"

Vapor Oil Lamp
Number of Wicks or Mantels: 1 mantel, 3 wicks on substitute
Diameter of Outside Wick: 3 1/4"
Diameter of Mantel: 2 3/8" at base by 4.5" long
Diameter of Circum Circle:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: 1 5' 5.5" x 2' 9" fitted against wall in watchroom, has 2 shelves, used for spare parts, cleaning materials, etc.
Oil House Description: At N corner outside of base of tower
Oil House Inside Dimension: 8' 8.5" x 12' 3" x 8' 9"
Oil House Construction Material: Brick & corrugated iron roof
Oil House Capacity: 800 5-gal cans full
Other (Describe): Storeroom in each kitchen, locker in each room, lockers on each porch & boathouse is used as storeroom
Suitability: Dry & suited for purpose used.
Location: Each side of tower, front line of dwelling & rear line of tower coincide.
Coloring: White with brown cylindrical iron columns for support.
Construction Materials: Wood with cypress shingles
Number of Rooms: 4
Number of Dwellings: 2
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers: 1 each with family
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouses: 1 for each dwelling
Outhouse Coloring: White
Paths and Walks: Wooden to outhouse, sand & shell to wharf.
Area Inclosed:
Area of Garden:
Area Timber or Shrubbery:
Cultivation Area Available: About 225 acres
Area Cultivated: About 165 acres
Character of Surroundings: Sandy soil, about 1 acre near dwelling mangrove swamp.
Stove, Maker: Stamford Foundry Co, Stamford Ct. (2)
Stove, Size: Orbit #8 & Orbit #7, each w/ 4 holes
Sink, Maker: Unknown
Sink, Size: 20" x 30" & 18" x 30"
Pump, Maker:
Pump, Size: None
Lamps: 3 table stand lamps, 2 hand lamps
How Procured: By gutters from roofs of dwellings
Quality: Excellent
Quantity: Ample
Injury Possible: No
Purity Precaution: Frequent cleaning of tanks, no chalk.
Tank Capacity: 1 - 5000 gal at each dwelling & 1 5500 gal btwn the 2 dwellings in yard.
Tank Material: Cypress
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description:
Well Diameter:
Well Lining:
Pump or Bucket:
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling:
General Opinion: Excellent; keeper reports no disease of any consequence
Diseases: Fever
Prevalency: No
Local Causes: About an acre, adjoining keepers dwellings swampy during rainy season.
Recommended Improvements: No
Access to Lighthouse: Wooden wharf & approach, 8' x 8' pine piles - some sheathed with brass, others with terra cotta casing, filled with cement, 2" x 12" decking, 4" x 8" cap log stringers. Dock & approach 193' long x 12" wide,
Distance and Direction: 1 boathouse 26' x 15 3/4' on shore at foot of wharf & 1 old one end of wharf 24 3/4' x 16', serviceable all painted white. Wharf & boathouses 550' N of tower.
Miscellaneous Remarks:
Boat Number: 0
Type: Skiff
Length: 4'
Width: 15'
When Built: 1904
Date Harbored at Station: Mar, 31, 1904
Sails: False
Suited to Work: Yes

Hoisting Engines
Hoisting Engine Kind: Hand winch for hauling boat out of water.
Engine RPMs:
Engine Diameter:
Engine Stroke:
Engine Boiler:
Engine Maker and Date:
Serial Number:
Cylinders and Size:
Hoist Starter:
Hoist Miscellaneous:

General Information: Power motor belongs to keeper.
Boats on Station: 2 boat houses