Report for Sandy Point (Maryland) - 1927

District: 5th
Inspector: T.S. Johnson
Location: On shoal off Sandy Point about 9.5 miles from Annapolis, MD.
Date of Report: 09/28/1927
Latitude: 39° 0' 57"
Longitude: 76° 23' 05"
Site: Deeded to United States by State of Maryland
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed: 04/03/1883
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site:
Area Inclosed:
Character of Soil:
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark: Marine site
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence:
Wharf or Landing on Premises: None
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance:
Means to Reach Light Station: Power Boat, Annapolis, MD., 9.5 miles
Distance to Nearest Road:
Distance to Post Office:
Distance to Village:
Facilities for Public Conveyance:
Facilities for Private Conveyance:
Means Used for Support of Lantern: On frame-work of mansard roof
Number of Separate Lights: One
First Built or Established: 1858
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated: 1883 - minor repairs yearly
Condition at This Date:
Shape of Tower in Plan:
Form of Tower:
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball:
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 38'
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Water
Color of Tower: Red brick dwelling, white roof on brown cylindrical pier.
Color of Tower/ How Produced:
Tower Connection: By stairway
Object of Navigation: For marking shoal off Sandy Point, & an aid to navigation for boats going to & from Baltimore, MD.
Building Materials: No tower
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base:
Wall Thickness at Parapet:
Diameter at Base:
Diameter at Parapet:
Kind of Stairway and Steps:
Number of Landings:
Size of Glass:
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: No tower - windows of dwelling 8 light 10 x 14
Number of Doors:
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface:
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse:
Soil Susceptibility:
Miscellaneous Remarks: Brick dwelling on cylindrical pier - surmounted with lantern in center of mansard roof
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 4th order
Shape of Lantern:
Diameter to Glass:
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides: 8
Type of Bars: Helical
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 36 3/8"
Number of Plates in Height: One
Number of Plates Each Side: One
Thickness of Plates: 1/4"
Size of Plates: 34.5 x 36 3/8
Number of Storm Panes:
Unglazed Side of Lantern: None
What Bearings:
Construction Material Lantern: Cast iron
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Copper
Ventilator / Cowl: Cast iron
Lightning Spindle: Copper
Description of Lightning Rod:
Balustrade: Wrought iron
Lantern Doors: Wood; rabbetted, hinges & lock
Floor of Lantern: Wood
Watchroom Doors: Wood, hung on hinges with rim lock
Parapet Diameter:
Location / Number: In wall
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: None needed
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: Screwed into top frame off storm panes

How is Watchroom Fitted: Trimming table, with closets fitted with shelves & hooks
How is Relief Called: Thermostat control
Where is Call System Led: Keepers bedroom
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus:
Intensity in Candles: W 2900 R. 870
Name of Maker: Henry LePaute
Year Made: Not given
Marks and Number: No marks or numbers
Order of Apparatus: 4th
Inside Diameter: 20"
Light Characteristic:
Time of Revolution:
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part:
Number of Panels: 4
Number of Flash Panels: None
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum: 1
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: 8, fixed
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: 5, fixed
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: C.I. mounted on C.I. base resting on lantern floor
Service Table:
Draft Tube Description: 8" dia. opening in ceiling of lantern, leading direct into ventilator ball
Revolving Machinery:
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube:
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time:
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection:
Lens Protection: Linen cover
How Color is Produced: Red sectors
Red Sectors Description: From 130 degrees to 171 degrees. Covers shoals of Thomas Point, Tolly Point & Hackett Point
Where Color Attached: To inside of lantern panes
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: 4th order I.O.V.
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: 2 tower - 1 table, 4 hand
Number of Spare Burners: 2 for tower
Candle Power: 600 cp

Vapor Oil Lamp
Number of Wicks or Mantels: One mantel
Diameter of Outside Wick:
Diameter of Mantel: 35 m.m.
Diameter of Circum Circle:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: None
Oil House Description: Below lantern fitted with fog bell striker lamp stand & platform for oil storage of case oil.
Oil House Inside Dimension: 16' x 20'
Oil House Construction Material: Frame
Oil House Capacity:
Other (Describe): In side of bed rooms, fitted with shelves & hooks.
Suitability: Dry. Very suitable
Fog Signal General
Fog Signal Kind: 3rd class - Reed horn, also hand bell
Time to Start:
How Long Will Pressure Last:
Year of Manufacture:
Characteristic: Trumpet - 3 sec blast. 7 sec silent bell - 1 stroke 9 sec silent
Timing Device: 3rd district belt & worm driven
If whistle, siren, or trumpet, Pressure at Which Blown: 9 lbs
Height Above Water: 24'
Compass Direction: SE
Location: On shoal off Sandy Point
Distance and Direction: Connected with station
Water Supply: 3 tanks in cellar, caught from roof
Reached from Lighthouse: Part of Lighthouse
Description of Fog Signal Building: None, room of dwelling used.
Pressure And Recording Gauge:
Bell Signal
Weight: 1000 lbs.
Metal: Bronze
Diameter: 36" at bottom
Height: 26"
Time: 90 min.
Manufacturer: Stevens; no date
Weights for Operation:

Internal Combustion Signal
Fog Signal Kind:
Internal Combustion Kind: Kerosene
Internal Combustion Manufacturer: Mertz & Weiss
Internal Combustion Date: March, 1909
Internal Combustion Size:
Internal Combustion Horsepower: 4
Internal Combustion Fuel: Kerosene
Internal Combustion Starter: Heating ball
Compressor Maker: Mertz & Weiss
Compressor Seat: Both pistons on same rod, geared to engine
Compressor Machinery: 10" dia, 8" stroke; 375 RPM; 1 1/4 air inlet valves; del. pipe 1 1/4" dia.
Compressor Diameter:
Compressor Stroke:
Compressor RPMs:
Character of Air Inlet:
Kind of Unloader:
Diameter of Delivery Pipe:

Daboll Signal
Daboll: 3rd class
Daboll Reed: Reed horn
Daboll Length: 8.5"
Daboll Breadth: 2 1/4"
Daboll Base Thickness: 3/8"
Daboll Tip Thickness: 9/32"

Trumpet Signal
Trumpet Length: 12'
Trumpet Diameter: 4 & 20"
Trumpet Material: Copper

Air Receiver
Number: 2
Diameter: 24
Height: 6
Capacity Cubic Feet:
Pressure in Each: 9 & 12
Make of Reducing Valve: None
Location: Dwelling & lantern a single unit
Coloring: Painted red
Construction Materials: Brick
Number of Rooms: 4
Number of Dwellings:
Heating Plant: Heating stoves
Number of Keepers: 1 keeper, 1 assistant
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouses: None
Outhouse Coloring:
Paths and Walks:
Area Inclosed:
Area of Garden:
Area Timber or Shrubbery:
Cultivation Area Available: None
Area Cultivated: None
Character of Surroundings: Marine site
Stove, Maker: Imp. N. Balto.
Stove, Size: # 700
Sink, Maker: National Co.
Sink, Size: 14" x 26"
Pump, Maker: Gould
Pump, Size: Pitcher # 2
How Procured: From roof & stored in 8 tanks
Quality: Excellent
Quantity: Ample
Injury Possible: Perfectly safe
Purity Precaution: Roof is washed off 1st before water enters tanks
Tank Capacity: 300 gal. placed in dwelling (3)
Tank Material: Wood - cypress
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description:
Well Diameter:
Well Lining:
Pump or Bucket:
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling:
General Opinion: Excellent
Diseases: None
Local Causes:
Recommended Improvements:
Boat #1
Boat Number: 256
Type: Launch
Length: 6' 4"
Width: 18'
When Built:
Date Harbored at Station:
Sails: False
Suited to Work: Yes
Boat #2
Boat Number: 426
Type: Row boat
Length: 4' 6"
Width: 14'
When Built:
Date Harbored at Station:
Sails: False
Suited to Work: Yes

Power Boat
Engine Type: Make & Break 2 cyl.
Horsepower: 4
Engine Maker: J. W. Lathrop, 19551 - no date
Spare Coil: Type 27-B
Magnet: Bosch No.5
Battery: 6 - 6 cell batteries dry cell
Propeller Diameter: 14"
Propeller Pitch: 22"

Hoisting Engines
Hoisting Engine Kind: Ordinary hand winders
Engine RPMs:
Engine Diameter:
Engine Stroke:
Engine Boiler:
Engine Maker and Date:
Serial Number:
Cylinders and Size:
Hoist Starter:
Hoist Miscellaneous:

General Information:
Boats on Station: In davits