Report for Sandusky Bay Range North Beacon (Ohio) - 1888

District: 10th
Inspector: Major S.M. Mansfield, Corps of Engineers
Location: 1000' N'd of Main beacon, Sandusky, OH
Date of Report: 02/09/1888
Latitude: 41° 29' 29"
Longitude: 82° 43' 03"
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed:
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: 1 crib 30' sq.
Area Inclosed:
Character of Soil:
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark: Located in center of crib
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence: None
Wharf or Landing on Premises: Crib supporting shaft.
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance:
Means to Reach Light Station: By boat from Main beacon or from Sandusky, OH
Distance to Nearest Road: 2 miles to Sandusky, OH
Distance to Post Office:
Distance to Village:
Facilities for Public Conveyance:
Facilities for Private Conveyance:
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Shaft of wrought iron
Number of Separate Lights: 1
First Built or Established: 1879
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated: Modified in 1887. Changed from lens-lantern to Gasoline illumination Sept. 15, 1887
Condition at This Date: Good
Shape of Tower in Plan: Cylindrical
Form of Tower:
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball: 38' 6"
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 44' 9"
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Sky
Color of Tower: Shaft - brown
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Iron ore paint & oil
Tower Connection: Detached - dwelling on main
Object of Navigation: Range for dredged channel leading from Main range to Sandusky City
Building Materials: Wrought iron plate, riveted.
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base: 1/2" iron
Wall Thickness at Parapet: 1/2" iron
Diameter at Base: 19"
Diameter at Parapet: 15"
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Wrought iron ladder of 2.5" x 3/4" risers & 7/8" rounds.
Number of Landings: 1 at gallery
Size of Glass: None
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: None
Number of Doors: None
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface: Shaft is placed on 12" square oak sills, laid on top of crib work. Crib stands in about 12' of water & rises 6' 3" above lake level.
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse: None
Soil Susceptibility: None
Miscellaneous Remarks: Gas machine is of 20 light power, has carburetor of 3 barrels cap'y, which is supplied w/ air by pump 20" dia & 18" long. Pump fitted w/ compound sheave pulleys & weight, will run w/o intermission for 20 days & nights, w/o winding on a drop of 7'.
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern:
Shape of Lantern:
Diameter to Glass: 3' 6"
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides: 8
Type of Bars:
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 36"
Number of Plates in Height: One
Number of Plates Each Side: One
Thickness of Plates: 1/4"
Size of Plates: 35 3/4" x 16 7/8"
Number of Storm Panes: None
Unglazed Side of Lantern: 4 unglazed - 180 degrees
What Bearings:
Construction Material Lantern: Iron & brass
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: None
Ventilator / Cowl: Of cast iron - 15" dia.
Lightning Spindle: Of brass with platinum point.
Description of Lightning Rod: Of 1.5" x 1/8" copper band, attached to base of shaft by 1/2" tap bolt & led over pier into bay to a depth of 7'
Balustrade: Composed of cast iron brackets bolted to shaft, deck of plate iron 1/8" thick. Balustrade of posts 1" dia. & railing 1.5" x 1/2" iron, fitted with gate.
Lantern Doors: Panel door hung to sash bars by 2 - 4" hinges & locked by means of stud pins & keys.
Floor of Lantern: Cast iron, plane surface.
Watchroom Doors: None
Parapet Diameter:
Location / Number: A ring ventilator on floor of lantern, supplied from interior of shaft.
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: None
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: 8 brass hooks fitted to sash bars.

How is Watchroom Fitted: An octagonal frame structure at base of shaft, placed on oak sill platform.
How is Relief Called: None
Where is Call System Led:
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus:
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker:
Year Made:
Marks and Number:
Order of Apparatus: Argand burner - flame 1 1/8" dia. 2.5" high.
Inside Diameter:
Light Characteristic:
Time of Revolution:
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part: Fixed white - illuminating arc of 180 degrees.
Number of Panels: None
Number of Flash Panels:
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum:
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum:
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum:
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: None
Service Table: None
Draft Tube Description:
Revolving Machinery:
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube:
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time:
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection:
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced:
Red Sectors Description:
Where Color Attached:
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: Gasoline burner
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: 2
Number of Spare Burners:
Candle Power:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use:
Oil House Description: None required - carburetor is filled with the proper quantity of gasoline.
Oil House Inside Dimension:
Oil House Construction Material:
Oil House Capacity:
Other (Describe): Watchroom at base of shaft fitted with a closet & also used as storeroom.
Suitability: Dry
Access to Lighthouse:
Distance and Direction:
Miscellaneous Remarks: Substitution of gasoline for lens lantern illumination 9/15/1887. Lens lanterns heretofore in use, were replaced by a gasoline plant. With new arrangement, light will burn without attendance for a number of days.