Report for Sandusky Bay Outer Range Front Beacon (Ohio) - 1909

District: 10th
Inspector: Chas. Bartlett, Chief Clerk & Norris Works, Supt.
Location: In 5.5' of water in Sandusky Bay on W'ly prolongation of the axis of the improved channel over the outer bar entrance to the bay, S'ly side of W'ly part of Lake Erie
Date of Report: 02/03/1909
Latitude: 41° 29' 14"
Longitude: 82° 42' 15"
Site: Pm crib in navigable waters of Sandusky Bay, US.
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed:
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: Crib 50' sq. on grillage 62' sq.
Area Inclosed:
Character of Soil: Water
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark:
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence: None
Wharf or Landing on Premises: Foundation crib
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance:
Means to Reach Light Station: By row boat, sail boat, or light draught steamers from Sandusky, Ohio, about 2 miles.
Distance to Nearest Road: About 2 miles to docks at Sandusky, Ohio, thence 1.5 miles to L.S. & M.S. RR station
Distance to Post Office: Sandusky, OH., 2 miles
Distance to Village: Sandusky, OH., 2 miles
Facilities for Public Conveyance: To Sandusky by L.S. & M.S. RR or by B&O RR or by Lake Shore Electric RR
Facilities for Private Conveyance:
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Tower forming part of front of dwelling.
Number of Separate Lights: 1
First Built or Established: Built 1898, Est. 1900
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated:
Condition at This Date: Fair
Shape of Tower in Plan: Square, right prism, consolidated with dwelling, except a small projecting portion.
Form of Tower:
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball: 27' 9"
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 34' 6"
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Lake Erie
Color of Tower: White - tower & dwelling on red crib
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Paint
Tower Connection: Tower forms part of dwelling, small portion projecting from end of dwelling, lantern shows above yard.
Object of Navigation: Range for navigation of Inner Channel ("straight channel")
Building Materials: Wood
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base: 8"
Wall Thickness at Parapet: 8"
Diameter at Base: 10' 4"
Diameter at Parapet: 10' 4"
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Wooden
Number of Landings: 1
Size of Glass: 3 upper windows, each double sash, 1 light each 14" x 20"
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: 2 lower windows, each double sash, 1 light each 14" x 24"
Number of Doors: 3
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface: Concrete superstructure resting on crib at 3' MLL crib rests on bottom of Bay at 12' MLL
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse: Water
Soil Susceptibility:
Miscellaneous Remarks: Station built by M. Rabbit & Sons of Toledo, OH.
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 4th
Shape of Lantern: Polygonal
Diameter to Glass: 7' 2.5"
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides: 8
Type of Bars: Vertical
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 36"
Number of Plates in Height: One
Number of Plates Each Side: One
Thickness of Plates: 1/4" to 3/8"
Size of Plates: 2 panes 33" x 36" & 3 panes 35" x 36"
Number of Storm Panes: None
Unglazed Side of Lantern: 3 = 135 degrees
What Bearings: N 34 degrees 30' E to S 10 degrees 30' E; Azimuth 34 - 30 to 169 - 30; Bearing of range = S 57 degrees W.
Construction Material Lantern: Wood
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Wood, covered with copper
Ventilator / Cowl: Copper
Lightning Spindle: Copper, platinum point
Description of Lightning Rod: Galvanized, twisted conductor, led down side of tower, thru crib to water.
Balustrade: Wood, copper covered, Iron pipe railing.
Lantern Doors: Wooden, double, 1 swinging in, 1 swinging out, each 6' 2" x 1.5". Doorway 1' 11" wide in the clear.
Floor of Lantern: Wood, painted
Watchroom Doors: None
Parapet Diameter: 6' 6"
Location / Number: 4 thru parapet, with brass revolving discs valves inside.
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: None
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: Brass hooks screwed into lantern posts.
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus:
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker: L. Sautter & Co.
Year Made: Installed 1902
Marks and Number: Constructeurs a Paris
Order of Apparatus: 5th
Inside Diameter: 14 5/8"
Light Characteristic: Fixed white
Time of Revolution:
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part: 315 degrees - 225 degrees visible btwn S 10 degrees 30' E to N 34 degrees 30' E; Azimuth 169 - 30 to 34 - 30. Center of 45 degree reflector lies on range line, range line bears S 57 degrees W,
Number of Panels: 4
Number of Flash Panels:
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum:
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: 5
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: 3
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: Octagonal, wooden
Service Table: Wooden, over stairs, shelves underneath.
Draft Tube Description:
Revolving Machinery:
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube:
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time:
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection:
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced:
Red Sectors Description:
Where Color Attached:
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: 5th order
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: 3
Number of Spare Burners: None
Candle Power:

Vapor Oil Lamp
Number of Wicks or Mantels: 1 round wick
Diameter of Outside Wick: 1 1/4"
Diameter of Mantel:
Diameter of Circum Circle:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use:
Oil House Description: 3 rooms, each 7' 7" x 6' 3.5" x 6' high, in concrete foundation pier, opening into basement.
Oil House Inside Dimension:
Oil House Construction Material:
Oil House Capacity:
Other (Describe):
Location: Tower forms front of dwelling.
Coloring: White
Construction Materials: Wood
Number of Rooms: 4 plus pantry & storeroom, attic & basement with workroom, bath & coal room
Number of Dwellings:
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers: 1
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouses: None
Outhouse Coloring:
Paths and Walks: None
Area Inclosed: Crib 50' x 50' - wooden parapet on 3 sides & pipe railing on 4th side.
Area of Garden: None
Area Timber or Shrubbery: None
Cultivation Area Available:
Area Cultivated:
Character of Surroundings: Water
Stove, Maker:
Stove, Size:
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size:
Pump, Maker:
Pump, Size:
How Procured: Well in cellar
Quality: Not fit to use, contaminated with iron rust.
Injury Possible:
Purity Precaution:
Tank Capacity: Cement cistern in basement. 5' 7" x 7' x 3' 6" = 1024 gal = 32.5 brls.
Tank Material:
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description: Well in cellar, sunk in sand below bottom of crib.
Well Diameter:
Well Lining: Lined with vitrified earth encased pipe
Pump or Bucket: Iron force pump in cellar.
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling:
General Opinion: Healthful
Local Causes:
Recommended Improvements:
Access to Lighthouse: Central portion of basement under dwelling is used for storing boat. Boat taken thru opening on W side of crib, being hauled on rollers by winch. Crib also equipped with boat davits. Iron hand rail extends around crib about 5' above water.
Distance and Direction:
Miscellaneous Remarks: