Report for Sandusky Bay Inner Range Front Beacon (Ohio) - 1909

District: 10th
Inspector: Chas. Bartlett, Chief Clerk & Norris Works, Supt.
Location: In 5.5' of water, at angle formed by completed portions of W Jetty & dam towards Sand Point on N'ly prolongation of the axis of the Straight Channel on Sandusky Bay.
Date of Report: 02/03/1909
Latitude: 41° 29' 31"
Longitude: 82° 41' 50"
Site: Title & concurrent jurisdiction conveyed by State of Ohio
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed: 12/04/1895
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: 260' x 2000' = 11.94 acres
Area Inclosed:
Character of Soil:
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark:
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence: Deck of crib inclosed by wooden bulkhead half around & by iron rail fence on other half
Wharf or Landing on Premises:
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance: None
Means to Reach Light Station: By row boat or sail boat from Sandusky or Cedar Point, only about 2' of water around crib.
Distance to Nearest Road: 4 mi. to L.S. & M.S. RR in Sandusky - 2.5 mi. to B&O RR in Sandusky.
Distance to Post Office: 3 mi. to Sandusky
Distance to Village: Sandusky, 2.5 mi.
Facilities for Public Conveyance: By L.S. & M.S. RR or B&O RR or Lake Shore Electric to Sandusky, thence by boat 2.5 mi.
Facilities for Private Conveyance:
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Tower
Number of Separate Lights: 1
First Built or Established: 1896
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated:
Condition at This Date:
Shape of Tower in Plan: Square
Form of Tower: Right prism
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball: 28' 9"
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 33' 6"
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: City of Sandusky, water & sky
Color of Tower: Chrome yellow
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Paint
Tower Connection: Tower rises from S'ly side of dwelling.
Object of Navigation:
Building Materials: Wood
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base: 8"
Wall Thickness at Parapet: 8"
Diameter at Base: 10' 4"
Diameter at Parapet: 10' 4"
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Circular, wooden, forms 2nd story of dwelling.
Number of Landings: None between 2nd floor of dwelling & lantern
Size of Glass:
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: None
Number of Doors: 1 from attic on 2nd floor of dwelling.
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface: On stone filled wooden crib 50' x 50'
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse: Water
Soil Susceptibility:
Miscellaneous Remarks:
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 4th
Shape of Lantern: Polygonal
Diameter to Glass: 7' 2 3/4"
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides: 8
Type of Bars: Vertical
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 36"
Number of Plates in Height: One
Number of Plates Each Side: One
Thickness of Plates: 1/4"
Size of Plates: 2 - 32" x 36" & 5 - 36" x 36"
Number of Storm Panes: None
Unglazed Side of Lantern: 1 door side = 45 degrees
What Bearings: N 84 degrees 34' E to S 50 degrees 26' E; Azimuth 84 -34 to 129 - 34
Construction Material Lantern: Wood
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Wood, covered with copper & lined with zinc.
Ventilator / Cowl: Copper
Lightning Spindle: Copper, with platinum point
Description of Lightning Rod: Galv., twisted conductor, led down side of tower, into water.
Balustrade: Wooden balcony
Lantern Doors:
Floor of Lantern: Wood, painted
Watchroom Doors: None
Parapet Diameter: 6' 5 3/4"
Location / Number: 4 brass register ventilators
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: None
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: Iron hooks screwed into wooden corner posts.
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus:
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker:
Year Made:
Marks and Number: No. 3.
Order of Apparatus: 270 degree lens lantern
Inside Diameter: 11 13/16"
Light Characteristic: Fixed red
Time of Revolution:
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part: 90 degrees visible between N 27 degrees 57' W to N 62 degrees 04' E; Azimuth 332 -04 to 62 - 04; 45 degrees on each side of range line.
Number of Panels: 3 panels, 2 screened, 1 in use with brass reflectors.
Number of Flash Panels:
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum: 1
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: 3
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: 3
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: Octagonal wooden.
Service Table: Wooden, over stairs, with shelf below.
Draft Tube Description: None
Revolving Machinery:
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube:
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time:
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection:
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced: Ruby chimney
Red Sectors Description:
Where Color Attached:
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: 5th order, lens lantern lamps for 5-day attachment
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: 2
Number of Spare Burners: None
Candle Power:

Vapor Oil Lamp
Number of Wicks or Mantels: 1 wick
Diameter of Outside Wick: 1 1/4"
Diameter of Mantel:
Diameter of Circum Circle:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: None
Oil House Description: Oil room on 1st floor of house, SW corner of bldg, stored in 5-gal. fixed cans, on cement floor. Room is lined with sheet iron painted.
Oil House Inside Dimension:
Oil House Construction Material:
Oil House Capacity:
Other (Describe): 2 closets in basement, 2 in 1st story, 2 in 2nd story, all fitted with shelves.
Location: Tower rises from dwelling. Keeper of station also occupies stone dwelling at Cedar Point, Rear Beacon, 1200' distant.
Coloring: Chrome yellow
Construction Materials: Wooden frame dwelling, 2 stories.
Number of Rooms: 7, including pantry & oil room & attic.
Number of Dwellings:
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers: 1
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouses: None, bath room in basement, fitted with closet & bath.
Outhouse Coloring: Chrome yellow
Paths and Walks: None
Area Inclosed: On crib, 50' x 50'
Area of Garden: None
Area Timber or Shrubbery: None
Cultivation Area Available: None
Area Cultivated: None
Character of Surroundings:
Stove, Maker:
Stove, Size:
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size:
Pump, Maker:
Pump, Size:
How Procured: From well & cistern
Quality: Good
Quantity: Ample
Injury Possible: No
Purity Precaution: River water not used for drinking.
Tank Capacity: About 6 brls
Tank Material: Square wooden cistern built of 2" x 4" lumber, lined on inside with copper.
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description: Driven well about 4' deep
Well Diameter: 1.5" pipe
Well Lining:
Pump or Bucket: Iron kitchen pump
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling: Pump in pantry of dwelling
General Opinion: Healthful
Local Causes:
Recommended Improvements:
Access to Lighthouse: Opening in S face of crib, with low steps leading up from water provided with wooden rollers on edges of steps, together with an iron winch in basement, permits keepers boat being sheltered. An iron landing ladder is provided on E & S sides of crib.
Distance and Direction:
Miscellaneous Remarks: