Report for Sand Key (Florida) - 1913

District: 7th
Inspector: Major W.E. Craighill, LH Engineer, 7th & 8th Dist.
Location: In center of Sand Key, FL., on N'ly side of straits of Fl. about 1/5 mile from deep water of straits & about 4 1/4 miles W'd of Main Ship Channel entrance to Key West Harbor, 7 1/8 mile SSW 7/8 W from Key West LH & 39 3/8 miles from Rebecca Shoal LH
Date of Report: 06/02/1913
Latitude: 24° 27' 13"
Longitude: 81° 52' 40"
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed:
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: 2 acres
Area Inclosed: None
Character of Soil:
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark:
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence:
Wharf or Landing on Premises: Wharf & boathouse
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance:
Means to Reach Light Station: By boat from Key West 7 3/4 miles
Distance to Nearest Road:
Distance to Post Office: Key West 7 3/4 miles
Distance to Village:
Facilities for Public Conveyance:
Facilities for Private Conveyance:
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Square pyramidal skeleton iron tower inclosing dwelling & stairs cylinder
Number of Separate Lights: 1
First Built or Established: 1827
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated: 1853; Tower last scaled & painted Nov, 1911
Condition at This Date:
Shape of Tower in Plan:
Form of Tower:
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball:
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 109'
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Sky
Color of Tower: Brown
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Paint
Tower Connection: Dwelling in tower
Object of Navigation: Primary seacoast
Building Materials: Iron
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base:
Wall Thickness at Parapet:
Diameter at Base:
Diameter at Parapet:
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Spiral iron stairway & steps
Number of Landings:
Size of Glass: 8" x 10" - 8 lights
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: 5 - 1' 9" x 3' 8 5/8"
Number of Doors: 1
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface:
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse:
Soil Susceptibility:
Miscellaneous Remarks: Tower on 16 iron screw piles 14' in coral rock. Islet composed of sand & broken shells & coral on coral reef & is washed away in heavy storms.
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 1st
Shape of Lantern: Polygonal
Diameter to Glass:
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides: 16 sides in plan
Type of Bars: Helical
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 9' 2.5"
Number of Plates in Height: 3 triangular plane plates
Number of Plates Each Side: 1 each side of plan
Thickness of Plates: 5/16"
Size of Plates:
Number of Storm Panes:
Unglazed Side of Lantern:
What Bearings:
Construction Material Lantern: Steel
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Boiler iron
Ventilator / Cowl: Iron
Lightning Spindle: About 2'
Description of Lightning Rod:
Balustrade: Gallery
Lantern Doors: None
Floor of Lantern: Cast iron
Watchroom Doors: None - ladder
Parapet Diameter:
Location / Number: 7 in parapet
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: Has
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: Secured to soffit

How is Watchroom Fitted: Has circular closet & shelving.
How is Relief Called: Speaking tube
Where is Call System Led: To lower floor of dwelling room
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus: 3.5 hours
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker: Henry LePaute
Year Made: None on app.
Marks and Number: No. 247
Order of Apparatus: 1st
Inside Diameter: Central fixed panel - 6' 01"
Light Characteristic: Fixed 60.4 sec, partial eclipse 27.5 sec, flash 4.6 sec, partial eclipse 27.5 sec.
Time of Revolution: 8 minutes
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part: 360 degrees
Number of Panels: 8
Number of Flash Panels: 4
Arc of Each: 45 degrees
Number of Elements in Central Drum: 17 in fixed, 21 in flash
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: 13
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: 16
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: True
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced: Each alternate panel of revolving belt is bulls eye producing the flash, other panels have horizontal elements giving a fixed light.
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Service Table:
Draft Tube Description:
Revolving Machinery:
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls: Balls
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube: 9
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time: 3.5 hours
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection: Glass case
Regulated: By wing governor
Lens Protection: None
How Color is Produced:
Red Sectors Description: 74 degrees to 83 degrees; 118 degrees to 129 degrees; 189 degrees to 198 degrees & from 231 degrees to 265 degrees
Where Color Attached: Inside of lantern
Form of Colored Glass: Red panes
Lamp Description: 3rd IOV type single tank system
Type of Illuminant: IOV
Number of Spare Lamps: 1 IOV, 2 wick lamps
Number of Spare Burners: 3
Candle Power: Wh fl. 580,000; FW 51,000; PWE 24,000; R fl. 140,000; FR 14,000; PRE 6,000

Clock Cord Description
Revolving Cord:
Size of Clock Cord:
Length of Clock Cord:
How Led: Directly under lantern floor.
Diameter and Length of Clock Drum:

Chariot Balls
Balls Description: V grooves
Cage to Separate Balls: False
Number of Balls: 33
Diameter of Balls: 1.5"

Vapor Oil Lamp
Number of Wicks or Mantels: 1 mantel
Diameter of Outside Wick:
Diameter of Mantel: 55 mm
Diameter of Circum Circle:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: In watchroom
Oil House Description: Brick separate from tower white
Oil House Inside Dimension:
Oil House Construction Material: Brick
Oil House Capacity:
Other (Describe): 4 - used for general purposes.
Suitability: Suitable
Location: Located in tower
Coloring: Brown
Construction Materials: Iron ceiled with wood
Number of Rooms: 8
Number of Dwellings:
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers: 1 Keeper, 2 assts.
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouses: 1 toilet
Outhouse Coloring: White
Paths and Walks: None
Area Inclosed:
Area of Garden:
Area Timber or Shrubbery:
Cultivation Area Available: None
Area Cultivated: None
Character of Surroundings: Islet composed of shifting sand.
Stove, Maker: Perfection Oil stove
Stove, Size: 3-wick
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size:
Pump, Maker:
Pump, Size:
How Procured: Rain
Quality: Good
Quantity: Fair
Injury Possible: Not liable
Purity Precaution: Covered to prevent impurities entering
Tank Capacity: 4 under dwelling 1200 gal ea,
Tank Material: Cypress
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description:
Well Diameter:
Well Lining:
Pump or Bucket:
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling:
General Opinion: Good
Diseases: None
Prevalency: No
Local Causes: No
Recommended Improvements: No
Access to Lighthouse: Boathouse 15' x 30' on iron piles in about 4' of water from which plank walk leads to lighthouse.
Distance and Direction: W'ly
Miscellaneous Remarks:
Boat Number: 6
Type: Dinghy
Length: 3.5'
Width: 12'
When Built: Nov. 1910
Date Harbored at Station: Nov. 1910
Sails: True
Suited to Work: Yes