Report for Pooles Island (Maryland) - 1909

District: 5th
Inspector: Major W. E. Craighill, Light-House Engineer
Location: On the NW'ly point of Pooles Island, MD., Nw'ly side of the upper part of Cheaspeake Bay & to the E'd of the mouth of Gunpowder River
Date of Report: 07/16/1909
Latitude: 39° 17' 26"
Longitude: 76° 16' 00"
Site: Purchase
Date of Reservation:
Date of Deed: 03/18/1825
Date of Permission:
Date of Lease:
Area of the Entire Site: 6 acres 3 rods 28 perches
Area Inclosed: About 5 acres
Character of Soil: Loam.
Distance of tower from Nearest High-Water Mark: 25 feet.
Inclosures to Premises / Type of Fence: Garden, 2 acres, picket fence; remainder, board fence.
Wharf or Landing on Premises: None.
Road to Land or Wharf Chararacter of and Distance:
Means to Reach Light Station: By boat.
Distance to Nearest Road: Railroad Station, 11 miles.
Distance to Post Office: 11 miles.
Distance to Village: 11 miles.
Facilities for Public Conveyance: None.
Facilities for Private Conveyance: 20 miles, by small boat.
Means Used for Support of Lantern: Tower.
Number of Separate Lights: One.
First Built or Established: 1825
Last Rebuilt, Repaired, or Renovated:
Condition at This Date: Good.
Shape of Tower in Plan: Circular.
Form of Tower: Conical.
Height from Base to Ventilator Ball: 40 feet 6 inches.
Height of Focal Plane Above Mean High Water: 38 feet.
Background of Lighthouse as Seen from Sea: Woods.
Color of Tower: White.
Color of Tower/ How Produced: Whitewash.
Tower Connection: Detached.
Object of Navigation: For general navigating purposes.
Building Materials: Stone.
General Description:
Wall Thickness at Base: 3 feet
Wall Thickness at Parapet: 18 inches.
Diameter at Base: 18 feet.
Diameter at Parapet: 9 feet 6 inches.
Kind of Stairway and Steps: Stone
Number of Landings: One
Size of Glass: 8" x 10"
Number of Windows and Size of Sash: 3. 2' 5" x 2'
Number of Doors: 2
Kind of Foundation and Depth Below Surface: Not known.
Character of Soil Surrounding the Lighthouse: Loam
Soil Susceptibility: Yes
Miscellaneous Remarks:
Lantern and Fixtures
Order of Lantern: 4th
Shape of Lantern: Polygonal
Diameter to Glass: 7 feet 2 inches
Diameter in the Clear:
Number of Sides: 10
Type of Bars: Vertical
Thickness of Bars:
Height Glazed: 36.75 inches
Number of Plates in Height: One
Number of Plates Each Side: One
Thickness of Plates: 3/8 Inch
Size of Plates: 27.75 x 36.75
Number of Storm Panes: None
Unglazed Side of Lantern: None
What Bearings:
Construction Material Lantern: Iron
Construction Material Roof / Cowl: Iron
Ventilator / Cowl: Copper
Lightning Spindle: Brass
Description of Lightning Rod: Spiral copper, led from spindle to roof & down side of tower to water.
Balustrade: Iron
Lantern Doors: Iron, fitted with hinges to side of lantern.
Floor of Lantern: Iron
Watchroom Doors: None
Parapet Diameter: 6 feet 8.5 inches.
Location / Number: Lower section of lantern.
Ladders / Cleaning Arrangement: None
Curtain Hooks / Hanger: Screwed into frame of lantern.

How is Watchroom Fitted: None
How is Relief Called: None
Where is Call System Led:
Illuminating Apparatus
Kind of Apparatus:
Intensity in Candles:
Name of Maker: L. Sautter et Cie., Paris.
Year Made: Not known
Marks and Number: No marks
Order of Apparatus: 4th
Inside Diameter: 19.5 inches
Light Characteristic: Fixed white, with red sectors.
Time of Revolution:
Flash Interval:
Duration of Flash:
Arc of Each Fixed Part:
Number of Panels: 4
Number of Flash Panels:
Arc of Each:
Number of Elements in Central Drum: 5
Number of Prisms Above Center Drum: 5
Number of Prisms Below Center Drum: 3
Does Apparatus Revolve?: False
Is There a Revolving Belt?: False
Revolving Panels:
How Flash is Produced:
Number of Vertical Elements Panel:
Fixed Lens Covered:
Pedestal: Iron
Service Table: Iron
Draft Tube Description: None
Revolving Machinery:
Standby and Description:
Chariot Float or Balls:
Chariot Description:
Length of Drop Tube:
Clock Weight:
Length of Winding Time:
Drive During Rewind:
Machinery Protection:
Lens Protection:
How Color is Produced: Ruby lantern glass
Red Sectors Description: 2 sectors. Between 285 degrees (WNW 1/8 W mag.) & 288 degrees (NW by W 7/8 W mag.): & between 321 degrees (NNW 15/16 Wmag.) & 324 degrees (NNW 11/16 W mag.)
Where Color Attached: To lantern
Form of Colored Glass:
Lamp Description: Improved, 1-wick
Type of Illuminant:
Number of Spare Lamps: 2
Number of Spare Burners: None
Candle Power:
Closets and Store Rooms
Tower Closet Use: None
Oil House Description: 30 feet NWly of tower. Brick house with brick pavement on inside, no shelves.
Oil House Inside Dimension:
Oil House Construction Material: Brick
Oil House Capacity:
Other (Describe): Closet in living rooms, fitted with shelves and hooks
Suitability: Dry, suited
Fog Signal General
Fog Signal Kind: Bell & Custer machine
Time to Start: 2 minutes
How Long Will Pressure Last:
Manufacturer: Not known
Year of Manufacture: Not known
Characteristic: Single blow every 12 seconds.
Duplication: None
Timing Device:
If whistle, siren, or trumpet, Pressure at Which Blown:
Height Above Water:
Compass Direction:
Distance and Direction:
Water Supply:
Reached from Lighthouse:
Description of Fog Signal Building:
Pressure And Recording Gauge:
Bell Signal
Weight: 1000
Metal: Bell Metal
Diameter: 30"
Height: 26"
Time: 1.5 hours
Weights for Operation:
Location: 100 feet, SE'ly
Coloring: White
Construction Materials: Brick & stone
Number of Rooms: 6
Number of Dwellings:
Heating Plant:
Number of Keepers: 1
Furnished Quarters:
NOT Furnished Quarters:
Outhouses: Stable, kitchen, & boathouse
Outhouse Coloring: White
Paths and Walks: Wood walks
Area Inclosed: 5 acres, by picket & board fences
Area of Garden: 2 acres
Area Timber or Shrubbery: About 1 acre
Cultivation Area Available: About 2 acres
Area Cultivated: 2 acres
Character of Surroundings: Loam
Stove, Maker:
Stove, Size:
Sink, Maker:
Sink, Size:
Pump, Maker:
Pump, Size:
How Procured: From roofs
Quality: Good
Quantity: Ample
Injury Possible: No
Purity Precaution: By cleaning cistern
Tank Capacity: 2,000 gallons, placed outside dwelling
Tank Material: Brick & cement
Distilling Apparatus: False
Distilling Manufacturer:
Well Description:
Well Diameter:
Well Lining:
Pump or Bucket:
What Power Used:
Distance from Dwelling:
General Opinion: Healthy
Diseases: None, except malaria at times.
Prevalency: Fall
Local Causes: Marshes
Recommended Improvements: No
Access to Lighthouse: None
Distance and Direction:
Miscellaneous Remarks: